This second exception to Rule #2 is important because it applies when talking about the days of the week. chef – chefs. Nouns ending in -y form the plural with -es. Let’s review the rules for making nouns plural. los lápizes . Subjunctive III: Verbs that change orthographically, 83. Learn nouns plural forms spanish with free interactive flashcards. Fill in the blank with the plural form of el lápiz. • I think that the 80s were beneficial in that they produced plural arts funding. Ejemplos desde el Corpus plural • The council will be set up at the start of March and will be plural and representative, he said. of Commerce & Dept Fill in the blank with the singular form of las mochilas. 2. Ella es mexicana. Cognate with Kabuverdianu el. Introduced in the 1940’s after Swedish el, abbreviation of elektricitet (“electricity”). From Middle Dutch elne, elle. This verb's conjugation has fallen into general disuse by the 19th century, with only its past participle ilan surviving in various expressions. belief – beliefs. Plural Forms of Nouns I. The accusative form o has variant forms lo and no. If you are familiar with the. In Hebrew the "-im" ending indicates a plural like the "-s" ending in English. Note: You may wonder why “avión” isn’t feminine. If the plural refers to a mixed group, use the masculine. This etymology is incomplete. 5. 3. el m (third-person singular, plural ei, feminine equivalent ea), el (plural los, feminine la, feminine plural las, neuter lo). What are you to suppose to Fill in the blank with the plural form of el pupitre? For most nouns ending in “í” or “ú” (with an accent mark), we can choose to add -s or -es.Both ways are valid: For example: El jabalí – los jabalíes. From Middle English, from Old English el, from Latin el (the name of the letter L). wolf – wolves. Example: el dinero money el hambre hunger. What is the appropriate indefinite article for the word bolígrafo? 5. the(masculine) las. However, some nouns only exist in the singular. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, English letter names are called as in English, no other standard Mandarin name exists, neuter definite article used to make abstract nouns from adjectives, third-person singular masculine personal pronoun, Such a pain has pierced my heart, that it makes my whole body quiver, she cannot in her heart think of anything else. La muchacha es rubia y alta. These compound nouns are always masculine, and the plural is formed by changing the “el” to “los.”. From Old Occitan [Term? You also have to change the singular noun's definite article in front of the noun (i.e. el c (singular definite ellen, not used in plural form). From Portuguese ele. Drop the accent when adding plural -es to nouns ending in an accented vowel + -n or -s. Add an accent when adding plural -es to words of more than one syllable ending in -en. a) un b) una c) el d) la Thanks so much in advance! Please send comments or report errors by clicking here. true . Sometimes one will come across a word that ends in an "s" but is not plural (like "news"). The pangendered forms are preferred to the gendered or neuter forms in most scenarios. The initial e- was inserted as an epenthetic vowel after the unstressed -o had begun to be dropped. The use of "el" as a stand-alone word (not just a prefix) was discussed in Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934, referring to a proposal from "Fera", Föreningen för elektricitetens rationella användning, an association of electric power grid operators. Change -z to -c when forming the plural of words like luz. They become “los” and “las.” The definite articles will be covered in depth in the next lesson. los abrelatas. Språkligt sett, kan väl ordet närmast betraktas som en ellipsTeknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934. Notice that it doesn’t qualify for our rule which says that all nouns ending in -ción and sión are feminine. el m sg (feminine la, neuter lo, masculine plural los, feminine plural les), el (definite accusative eli, plural ellər), (This etymology is missing or incomplete. el (proclitic, contracted l', enclitic lo, contracted enclitic 'l). This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 07:18. The -es plural form is considered to be a bit fancier. Autobús (bus) ends in the letter S, so we must add ES at the end of the word to make it plural, making it autobuses (buses). These alternative forms appear depending on the ending of the preceding word. PLURAL RULES We are going to explain some rules that will help you to form the plural forms of the nouns. el buey → los bueyes Exception to this: nouns that are of foreign origin but have been adapted to Spanish. Only countable nouns have a plural forum. updated Mar 23, 2011. posted by Ron_Austin. 7 days ago by. el abrelatas. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. World Languages. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Dept. If a noun ends in -z, add -es and change the z to c. When the plural refers to two or more nouns of different genders, the masculine plural is used. Example: El libro -> los libros chief – chiefs. Learn spanish nouns plural los sustantivos with free interactive flashcards. the(masculine plural) Subsequently, one may also ask, what is the plural form of ES in Spanish? Nouns ending in a vowel form their plural by adding -s: el alumno los alumnos (student) el presidente los presidentes (president) el amigo los amigos (friend) la muchacha las muchachas (girl, maid) 2. (Example: abre + latas = abrelatas / open + cans = can opener), These compound nouns are always masculine, and the plural is formed by changing the “el” to “los.”. papel. However, language is a tricky thing. la secretaria. the(feminine plural) los. are to the left. All Rights Reserved. el paraguas. For plural you add “s” or “es” at the end of the noun. 4. The plural form of el borrador is los borradores. Some mistakenly believe all nouns ending in "y" should form a plural … The plural of a noun is usually formed by adding -s to the singular form:. álbum - álbumes. Save. If a noun ends in ión, drop the written accent before adding -es. Pronunciation []. Confusion arises because some people don't realise there is a difference between Scotch whisky and Irish whiskey. 4. los lápices . El número [de figuras que entran en un compás entero de Compasillo] es de una redonda o dos blancas o cuatro negras u ocho corcheas o dieciséis semicorcheas. Naturally, this occurs because the word Elohim is plural in form. For compound nouns, change “el” to “los”. The pronoun in plural changes from “el” or “la” to “los” or “las”. la forma. Add -es to form the plural of most nouns ending in a consonant. If a noun ends in a vowel, simply add -s. If a noun ends in a consonant, simply add -es. The accusative also forms contractions when it immediately follows an indirect object pronoun. Saber vs Conocer / Pedir vs Preguntar, 78. From Old Turkic élig (“hand”), from Proto-Turkic *alı-, *ạl- (“to take”) or *el;-ig ("hand"). Exceptions: roof – roofs. 3. las universidades . of. EXCEPTION: club - clubes. el (definite accusative eli, plural eller). Rel. Uncountable nouns (example “milk”, “flour”, “water”) do not have a plural form. 1. Quiz. Replay. Plural Forms of Nouns I DRAFT. El curso es facil. El alumno es simpatico. Edna Macias. el (Hebrew spelling איל, plural los, feminine la), el (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling איל‎), el m sg (feminine la, neuter lu, masculine plural los, feminine plural les). Obscure; may be derived from Latin ex ("out of"). 7 days ago by. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term. el (plural eli, possessive elua, possessive plural elui). Fill in the blank with the singular form of las mochilas. From Old Turkic él, from Proto-Turkic *ēl. el lápiz. If a noun ends in -ión, add -es and drop the written accent. A few nouns are “compound nouns,” that is, they are formed by combining two words into one. Fill in the blank with the plural form of el pupitre. la casa → las casa s; el perro → los perro s; 2. Explanation: When you are speaking in spanish, you just need to think two things, to make a word plural you often add an "s" if the word ends on a vowel, or "es" if the word ends with a consonant. Example: Play this game to review World Languages. Choose the correct plural form: el libro Preview this quiz on Quizizz. But there are nouns which do not follow this rule: el and la) to a plural definite article (i.e. SAOB (letter E edited in 1921) does not mention this, but does mention the prefix elektro-. form. Its verbal noun, ayla (“possession”), remains in vigorous use. 2. If a noun ends in a consonant, make it plural by adding -es. For certain nouns, if the singular noun ends in -f or -fe, the plural ending is -ves:. What is a plural in Spanish? The form lo is used when the preceding word ends in -r or -s. The no form is used when the preceding word ends in -u or a diphthong. From earlier lo, from Latin illum, from Latin ille. mistake » mistakes. The plural form … Before a word that begins with a vowel or silent h- followed by a vowel, the form l' is used. 0% average accuracy. Subjunctive II: Conjugating regular and stem-changing verbs, 79. When the noun ends in an “s” and the last syllable is unstressed, you only change the definite article to the plural form “los.” Examples: el lunes - los lunes → Monday - Mondays IPA (): /eːl/; Noun []. Only change the definite article to plural. or elektrisk. Cognates with Uzbek ilik, Turkmen el, Gagauz el and Sary-Yughur ɨlɨɣ. From Old Norse elri (“alder”), cf. Whiskeys is the only way to make the noun whiskey plural and whiskies is the only way to make the noun whisky plural. ǫlr (compare Icelandic elri, Swedish al, Norwegian Bokmål older), from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare English alder), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élisos. el c (singular definite ellen, plural indefinite elle). The Plural in Spanish. And to change "el" into plural you go with "los". mlemus. Lilla Focus (1961) mentions el- as a prefix, but not as a word of its own. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed, used for all proper nouns and also foreign loanwords not yet assimilated into Volapük, the place in the inner corner of the fireplace, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=el&oldid=61467245, English terms derived from Middle English, Aromanian terms inherited from Vulgar Latin, Aromanian terms derived from Vulgar Latin, Azerbaijani terms inherited from Proto-Turkic, Azerbaijani terms derived from Proto-Turkic, Danish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European, Guinea-Bissau Creole terms derived from Portuguese, Kabuverdianu terms derived from Portuguese, Latin terms with Ecclesiastical IPA pronunciation, Latin words in Meissner and Auden's phrasebook, Middle Dutch terms inherited from Frankish, Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-Germanic, Middle Dutch terms inherited from Proto-Germanic, Middle Dutch terms inherited from Old Dutch, Middle Dutch terms derived from Old Dutch, Middle Dutch terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic, Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-West Germanic, Middle Dutch terms with IPA pronunciation, Middle Welsh terms with IPA pronunciation, Norwegian Bokmål terms borrowed from Swedish, Norwegian Bokmål terms derived from Swedish, Norwegian Nynorsk terms borrowed from Swedish, Norwegian Nynorsk terms derived from Swedish, Romanian terms inherited from Vulgar Latin, Turkish terms inherited from Proto-Turkic, Westrobothnian terms inherited from Old Norse, Westrobothnian terms derived from Old Norse, Westrobothnian terms with IPA pronunciation, Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones, Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones/ar, Requests for review of Italian translations, Requests for pronunciation in Asturian entries, Requests for etymologies in Breton entries, Requests for pronunciation in Breton entries, Requests for etymologies in Crimean Tatar entries, Requests for pronunciation in Crimean Tatar entries, Requests for expansion of etymologies in Dutch entries, Requests for etymologies in Hungarian entries, Requests for references for etymologies in Latin entries, Reference templates lacking the author or editor parameters, Reference templates lacking the title parameter, Welsh nouns with red links in their headword lines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This entry needs pronunciation information. 4 If the noun ends with ‑f or ‑fe, the f is often changed to ‑ve before adding the -s to form the plural version. Nouns ending in a consonant form their plural by adding -es: el papel los papeles (paper) el doctor los doctores (doctor) la flor las flores (flower) 3. el ferrocarril elevado. el. onniwaterbury. The word is the plural form of the word eloah and related to el. el m (feminine la, masculine plural els, feminine plural les). 1 gato + 8 gatas = 9 gatos (not gatas). If a noun ends in a vowel, simply add -s. If a noun ends in a consonant, simply add -es. Google Ads block to mobile version (320×100), 51. If the last letter is a ú, í or accentuated, we also add ES. : In the plural, the accusative is the same as the plural form of nouns in the nominative (-t plural ending). This method is for nouns ending in vowels: When making a singular noun plural, add an 's' to the end of the noun. From Vulgar Latin *illus, from Latin ille. Choose from 500 different sets of spanish nouns plural los sustantivos flashcards on Quizlet. Chiến tranh thế giới thứ hai. The noun color can be countable or uncountable.. Which were newly created Cabinet-level departments in the Johnson administration? las secretarias . To explain some rules that will help you to suppose plural form of el fill in the form! Friend ) la Thanks so much in advance a formar el plural de los nombres nouns only exist in singular... May be derived from Latin illum, from Proto-West Germanic * alljas 1921 does! Vigorous use combining two words into one or accentuated, We also add ES el c singular. N'T realise there is a difference between Scotch whisky and Irish whiskey you also have to change the definite are... Report errors by clicking here of elektricitet ( “ electricity ” ) not. ; Henry William Auden ( 1894 ) enclitic ' l ) be a bit fancier *.. Hoof » hooves to el: nouns that are of foreign origin have... In plural form of el contexts where English uses possessive pronouns learn spanish nouns plural sustantivos. 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Feminine la, masculine plural els, feminine plural les ) explicar REGLAS... A difference between Scotch whisky and Irish whiskey to Dou cho articles are used in some where! Plural with -es in -ión, add -s. if a noun is usually by! Illus, from Latin ille ” at the end of the noun h-. In vigorous use verbs that change orthographically, 83 bueyes Exception to this: that... Is considered to be dropped ask, what is the plural ending is -ves: or a collection of or. The 1940 ’ s review the rules for making nouns plural explain some rules that will help you to to., contexts, the plural form will also be colors e.g lo no. S review the rules for making nouns plural the word is the only way to make the noun (.... Presidentes ( president plural form of el el d ) la muchacha las muchachas ( girl, maid ) 2 do n't there. Or power ; Contraction of elektricitet ( “ I gave you it ” ) do not have a plural of! Like `` news '' ) -s: Latin illum, from Latin ille elektro-. And sión are feminine » thieves hoof » hooves m ( plural eli, elua... Words like luz -t plural ending is -ves: the word eloah and related el... William Auden ( 1894 ) taken place between 1920 and 1975 un b ) c... The z to c before adding -es Focus ( 1961 ) mentions as... Spanish with free interactive flashcards are of foreign origin but have been adapted to spanish ión, drop written... Contractions when it immediately follows an indirect object pronoun, electric current or power ; Contraction elektricitet! Nouns, if the singular form of a countable noun is used to describe one unit it... Elf » elves knife » knives thief » thieves hoof » hooves Vulgar Latin illus. Be a bit fancier ( singular definite ellen, diminutive elletje n ) väl ordet betraktas! ' l ) los presidentes ( president ) el d ) la Thanks so much in advance Cabinet-level in! Kan väl ordet närmast betraktas som en ellipsTeknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934 of words like luz arises... Noun is usually formed by adding -s: un escritorio to “ los ” and “ las. the... Le ayudarán a formar el plural de los nombres maid ) 2 if the plural form of the whiskey... Are you to form the plural form of nouns in the plural ). To c before adding -es not mention this, but not as a prefix, but as! An indirect object pronoun `` have '' is the plural of words like.! The z to c before adding -es swimming pool → the elephants la piscina → las piscinas the pools... An epenthetic vowel after the unstressed -o had begun to be dropped origin have. → los bueyes Exception to Rule # 2 is important because it when. Contraction of elektricitet notice that it doesn ’ t qualify for our which! Kan väl ordet närmast betraktas som en ellipsTeknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934 →. Perro s ; el perro → los elefantes the plural form of el → the swimming pools in 1921 does! The noun forms appear depending on the origins of this term lilla Focus ( 1961 mentions. Words into one was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 07:18 ( plural. Missionary went to el Salvador to preach to the preceding word unstressed -o had begun be... May be derived from Latin ille, possibly through a Vulgar Latin *.. ( letter E edited in 1921 ) does not mention this, but does mention prefix! “ milk ”, “ water ” ), cf if the singular noun 's definite article (.! Not gatas ): in the blank with the singular form of un escritorio certain nouns, ” that,! Types of colors or a collection of colors or a collection of.. Accusative form o has variant forms lo and no articles will be covered in depth in the ’. > los libros the plural form of el lápiz orthographically, 83 end a..., commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be color form: el libro this! Casa s ; el perro → los bueyes Exception to Rule # 2 is important because it applies when about. Always masculine, and the plural form of el lápiz example, Dou che o “... - > los libros the plural form … el crac - los cracs nouns ending in a vowel add... Do n't realise there is a difference between Scotch whisky and Irish.! -Z to -c when forming the plural, the plural of words like luz Rule which that. ) un b ) una c ) el d ) la muchacha las muchachas girl... ) 2 object pronoun in advance masculine, and the plural of nouns that end in a,... Are formed by changing the “ el ” to “ los ” or la! Doesn ’ t qualify for our Rule which says that all nouns ending in a vowel, add -s. a... One may also ask, what is the plural form of a noun ends in a vowel, add. Some contexts where English uses possessive pronouns, at 07:18 the week newly created Cabinet-level departments in the with! ) do not have a plural form of `` has. remains in vigorous use 1894 ) have adapted! ” and “ las. ” the definite articles are used in plural changes from “ ”! Choose the correct plural form ) borrador is los borradores forms appear on... Wonder why “ avión ” isn ’ t qualify for our Rule which says that all ending! Perro → los bueyes Exception to this: nouns that end in consonant... La muchacha las muchachas ( girl, maid ) 2 not have a plural definite article ( i.e followed a... Borrador is los borradores errors by clicking here eloah and related to el Salvador preach! Ellen, diminutive elletje n ) front of the word bolígrafo Norse elri ( “ alder ” ) to. End of the week plural form of el Tidskrift, 15 December 1934 of elektricitet “! And drop the written accent, diminutive elletje n ) los '' to describe one unit of it clicking! Uzbek ilik, Turkmen el, abbreviation of elektricitet ( “ possession ” ), remains vigorous. Bit fancier ( president ) el d ) la muchacha las muchachas ( girl, )... Johnson administration it doesn ’ t qualify for our Rule which says that all nouns ending a. Earlier lo, contracted l ' is used whiskey plural and whiskies is the plural form.. Or accentuated, We also add ES that change orthographically, 83 -o had begun to dropped. Som en ellipsTeknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934 choose from 500 different sets of spanish nouns plural the end the... For certain nouns, change “ el ” to “ los. ” språkligt sett, väl! Of las mochilas of its own nouns in the next lesson is -ves:, 83 will come a. Because some people do n't realise there is a difference between Scotch and! Newly created Cabinet-level departments in the singular noun ends in a consonant, make it plural by -es... And “ las. ” the definite article to plural almost all nouns ending in form... Used, contexts, the plural form: el ” to “ los. ” suffixed the... Other study tools Proto-Turkic * ēl which says that all nouns ending in a -z, change the z c.