A new boom in sales of blended Scotch in the 1960s and early ‘70s brought renewed investment in distillery plants and facilities on Islay, but also fuelled the period of overproduction which filled the infamous ‘whisky loch’ of the early 1980s. "[6], Another source is more specific: "Islay’s past is pervaded by innumerable tales of home distilling, smuggling and illegal whisky production" and adds that the eight older distilleries all began as small, illicit producers. In addition, he gave up the excise farm; in future, the islanders would have to pay duties set by the government. † These reflect what are often anglicised re-spellings of Scottish Gaelic. Reports suggest that, rather than flee from the island, they went into hiding and continued to make whisky illegally. This tiny island boasts eight distilleries each with its own unique smokey character, offering a chance to try the varying styles of peated whisky. On Islay they found an island … Many describe this as a "medicinal" flavour. Laphroaig Quarter Cask. [22][9], A new distillery at Gartbreck Farm, just south of Bowmore, was planned in 2014 by Jean Donnay of Glann ar Mor Distillery[23] in Brittany, France, as a joint venture with Hunter Laing of Glasgow but as of December 2018 the project was stalled over a land and management dispute. Cult following: Islay distilleries such as Lagavulin have enjoyed a resurgence of interest. Sales of Islay single malts have increased exponentially. It was carried in the holds of small boats along the River Clyde, hidden under cargoes of potatoes, straight to the heart of Glasgow. Located off the west coast of Scotland, Islay has just over 3000 residents and has officially been making whisky for 200 years … Campbell ‘farmed’ the excise duties on Islay – he held the right to set and collect the payments on the island, in return for an annual payment to the government. [26] For example, Port Charlotte distillery operated from 1829 to 1929[27] and Port Ellen is also closed although it remains in business as a malthouse[26] that supplies many of the Islay distilleries. Bruichladdich History. Noticing rapidly growing demand for its Islay … [11], (Believed to be Gaelicised Old Norse)[21]. All Scotch whisky was originally made from malted barley. Ever since Stewart Laing worked at Bruichladdich as a teenager he felt an affinity with Islay and harboured a dream to one day build a family-owned and run distillery on the island.. And then came the single malts revival. Opened in 1815, at one time Ardbeg was the largest distillery on Islay, supporting an entire community. A documentary special about the magic of the golden liquid called whisky and the small island off the coast of Scotland which has been called "the Capital of Whisky." Many offenders simply refused to turn up in court when summonsed. Despite centuries of warfare, taxation and changing economic tides, Islay’s resilient population has kept whisky making alive on the island. Ardbeg and Bruichladdich reopened under energetic new management. Port Ellen is the main port. Islay peat is reputedly the best flavoured for scotch production. They were given a plot that was named called Laphroaig, which is said to mean “broad hollow by the bay” in Gaelic.However, when faced with a surplus of barley for feeding the cattle, they turned to producing whisky. British historian Alfred Barnard wrote that ‘smuggling was the chief employment of the crofters and fishermen, more especially during the winter… and large families were supported by it’. Strong workforce: Ardbeg’s excisemen and distillery workers pictured in the 1850s (Photo: The Museum of Islay Life). The Ileach is a young and peaty single malt from an unnamed Islay distillery, available in 40% abv and cask strength (58% … No one knows when the people of Islay – the Ileachs – began distilling, but commentators were noting the islanders’ fondness for whisky by the 1770s. It was smuggled across the Mull of Kintyre to Ayrshire. Dark chocolate truffle with cocoa powder and Bruichladdich Single Malt Whisky B. About Islay The Isle of Islay … In 2013 Laing established independent bottling company Hunter Laing & Co., and recruited his two sons, Andrew and Scott, to the board.. It was founded in 1846 by Hector Henderson. In 1824, the Scottish Excise Board received a complaint that ‘some of the delinquents have been fined upwards of 30 times, which has no other effect than encourage them’. Islay Distilleries There are currently nine working distilleries on Islay, with two more planned to open in the next couple of years. It was … The distillery did not fare well, and changed hands in 1854 … Members of the McEachern family, for example, were charged with breaking into an exciseman’s cellar and stealing 125 gallons of whisky. During the second half of the century however, much of the rural population was lost through emigration. Islay Distilleries: Scotland’s Whisky History History books indicate that Irish monks first introduced the art of distillation to Islay, during the early 14th-century. In March 2007 Bruichladdich Distillery announced the reopening of the distillery at Port Charlotte (Port Sgioba in Gaelic), which was closed in 1929, and was also known as the Lochindaal distillery. More info: Whisky History History of whisky making on Islay More info: Alfred Barnard The Travels of Alfred Barnard to Islay … Thanks to a relaxing of laws, this was once again legal and the Johnston brothers soon realised that it was more profitable than livestock. [10], In future however, the whisky industry on this island may be moving to a broader range of products, some less peaty than the current majority as well as new types of whisky. Islay is one of five whisky distilling localities and regions in Scotland whose identity is protected by law.[1]. ", "Four New Whisky Distilleries on Islay - Islay Blog", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Islay_whisky&oldid=999712744, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ardbeg village, on the south-east coast of the island, Morrison Bowmore Distillers Ltd, a subsidiary of, Bruichladdich village, on western shore of, Reopened as an independent distillery in 2001 and purchased in 2012 by, Bunnahabhain Bay, on the north-east coast of the island, Independently owned and established in 2005 as the first new distillery on Islay since 1881, Laphroig village, on the south-east coast of the island, Ardenistle (1837–1849) / Kildalton (1849–1852) / Islay (1852–1852), subsumed by Laphroaig 1853, Ardmore (1817–1835), taken over by Lagavulin 1837, Daill (1814–1830), ruins on road between Port Askaig & Bridgend, Kildalton (1817–1837), merged with Lagavulin, Malt Mill (1908–1962), now part of Lagavulin, Mulindry (1826–1827), at the junction of the Neriby Burn and the River Laggan, now in ruins, Newton (1819–1837), ruins immediately south of A846 between Port Askaig & Bridgend, Octomore (1816–1852), ruins near Port Charlotte, Port Ellen (1825–1929, 1967–1983), large port village of Islay, converted to a malting, Scarabus (1817–1818), no evidence of production, Tallant (1821–1852), Tallant farm south of Bowmore, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 15:45. 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