Rice can catch up to 1,200 pounds of blue catfish. While recreational fishermen have targeted blue catfish for decades in the Chesapeake Bay, development of a commercial fishery management plan is relatively new. The purpose of this program is to create sales of Blue Catfish to state institutions providing food services and help reduce the Blue Catfish’s negative impact on the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay ecosystems by creating a reliable market for the nonnative species. Estimates of 1.6 million Blue Catfish within a 12 kilometers (km) stretch of the James River are reported (Fabrizio et al 2018). Blue Catfish of the Chesapeake Bay, on the other hand, are wild and feed on fish and shellfish. Increasing commercial harvest and consumption of Chesapeake Bay Blue Catfish is one way to reduce numbers of this invasive fish in our Bay. extension.umd.edu Because blue catfish—and another invasive fish, the flathead catfish—have the potential to cause substantial harm to the Chesapeake Bay food web, the Chesapeake Bay Program recently developed an. For PDF download click: Chesapeake Bay Blue Catfish UMD article. Its smooth skin lacks scales. They have expanded their range and population so much that they are likely negatively affecting the Bay ecosystem because they eat so many native species, such as striped bass, blue crab, shad, herring, and Atlantic sturgeon. A scientist holds a blue catfish. For help accessing this or any UME publication contact: itaccessibility@umd.edu, For more information on this and other topics, visit the University of Maryland Extension website at extension.umd.edu. Non-native Blue Catfish The guidelines are published in FDA’s Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance, Appendix 5 (Fourth Edition-March 2020). University of Maryland Dining Services serves Chesapeake Bay Blue Catfish on campus and includes it in menus and promotions. Growing Numbers of Blue Catfish Raised Concerns about Potential Negative Impacts on Native Species in Chesapeake Bay Ecosystems. The following are some of the important native species in Chesapeake Bay that Blue Catfish eat. An estimated 7,265 pounds of blue catfish were served on campus during the fall 2019 semester. Robert Fisher (Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Virginia Sea Grant ) January 11, 2019. With so many available in the Bay, one solution could be that people should simply eat more catfish. Credit: Ian Vorster/VA Sea Grant If you catch a catfish in Chesapeake Bay, there's a good chance it's an invader from the Mississippi River drainage—probably a blue catfish, though it could be a less common flathead catfish. Tidal Habitats Support Large Numbers of Invasive Blue Catfish in a Chesapeake Bay Subestuary. Most importantly, Blue Catfish fillets provide an abundance of healthy Omega-3 fatty acids (270 mg per serving), especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) which are not found in land-based plants and animals products. Introduced in the 1970s from elsewhere in the states, the blue catfish is now invasive in the bay, where it devours blue crabs, something Billy Rice, a third-generation waterman, has witnessed firsthand. Older and larger fish can accumulate higher levels of PCBs and methyl-mercury chemical contaminants. During the 1970s and 1980s, they were introduced to the James, Rappahannock, and York river basins in Virginia as a new recreational fishery. Invasive Catfish in the Chesapeake Bay. They grow big and ugly and gray. et al. States in the Chesapeake Bay watershed are working together to encourage recreational fishing for these catfish—and to develop and grow a commercial fishery as well. And they "really, really, really like Chesapeake Bay tributaries," he says. December 2015. Blue Catfish is an invasive fish species in the Chesapeake Bay but increasing commercial harvest and consumption is one way to reduce their numbers. The Baltimore Sun. Why Are They Invasive? In fact, it may be tastier than any catfish you’ve ever had. They grow large and eat many native species, so they have the potential to cause a lot of harm to the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDHH and USDA, 2015). Its smooth skin lacks scales. Available at: https://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/inspection/siluriformes Because it will eat most anything and can thrive in both fresh and brackish waters, the catfish quickly began its … For the best experience, please use a modern browser such as Chrome, Firefox, or Edge. The blue catfish is a long fish with a flat dorsal fin and deeply forked tail. Like any kind of food, fish (including Chesapeake Bay Blue Catfish), may have potential risks associated with microbial and chemical contaminants. Estuaries and Coasts 41, 827–840 (2018). Jurisdictions that manage fisheries in the Chesapeake Bay work together to discuss the latest fisheries science and coordinate their regulations through the Chesapeake Bay Program. He argues that the lure of trophy blue catfish has drawn hundreds of people to the river, but once there, many have become even more interested in the health of its waters, its bald eagles, its ospreys, its great blue herons, and even its small but growing stock of Atlantic sturgeon. Blue catfish can grow to be larger than 100 pounds. The blue catfish multiply so quickly that in a few weeks or months, the population of blue catfish can distort the normal ecological balance in the river. There are no current published Bay-wide estimates of Blue Catfish, though it has been reported there may be more than 100 million in the Bay (Tkacik and Dance 2019). They are silvery-blue in color with a white belly. Food and Drug Administration (FDA, 2020). Blue catfish are highly productive and create high numbers of offspring each reproductive cycle. Catfish fillets are typically breaded and fried although a number of recipes exist. General perception of catfish most often comes from farm-raised Channel Catfish. Blue Catfish leviathans lurking in the river! Fillet portions (3 oz, 4oz, 8oz), whole-fish, gutted or un-gutted are available upon request from buyers. Ecological Role of Blue Catfish in Chesapeake Bay Communities and Implications for Management and Implications for Management. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/media/80400/download State natural resource managers know blue catfish have had an adverse impact on the bay ever since the fish were introduced to the James, Rappahannock and York Rivers during the 1970s and 1980s. It is illegal to transport them from one body of water to another. Based on those results, the researchers estimated what the potential predation by blue catfish might have been during spring 2012 in two specific locations. Blue catfish can be found in the waters of many states—both coastal and inland. They are fairly easy to clean and yield white, mild tasting fillets. Chef’s symposiums held annually at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science offer Blue Catfish fishery, sustainability, and culinary products education to chefs and culinary students. Blue catfish, which can grow to lengths of 5 feet, were released into Virginia’s Bay tributaries in the 1970s as part of an effort to build a sport fishery. Blue catfish, the invasive fish with a big appetite that is overwhelming many Chesapeake Bay tributaries, is probably here to stay. The massive fish, hooked last week on the Chattahoochee River, is the largest ever blue catfish caught in Georgia, the state’s Department of Natural Resources said Tuesday. For chemical contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and methyl mercury, source control is the only way to reduce the associated risks since these chemical contaminants are heat stable and may not be destroyed through heating, refrigerating or freezing. Throughout many areas of the tidal Potomac and the James, you can spend many hours catching “little” cats, that is fish that run from five to almost 20 pounds, and either keep some for a meal or do the total catch and release gig. Adult Chesapeake Bay Blue Catfish are not bottom feeders and thus don’t acquire a muddy taste. Therefore, consuming EPA and DHA directly from seafood is the only practical way to increase levels of these fatty acids in the body. The fillets also contain vitamin D and potassium but provide negligible amounts of trans fat. The FDA and EPA Safety Levels in Regulations and Guidance in FDA’s Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance, Appendix 5 (Fourth Edition-March 2020). The Blue Catfish is a species in the large taxonomic order Siluriformes. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA, 2018). Maternal consumption, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, of at least 8 ounces (two servings) per week of seafood that contains DHA is associated with better infant health outcomes. Available at: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Omega3FattyAcids-HealthProfessional/ Recreational fishermen in other areas, particularly those where blue catfish are native, also enjoy angling for these fish. And because they have no scales, they are especially slimy, even as fish go. Available at: https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/environment/bs-md-blue-catfish-20190603-story.html References For the general population, consumption of about 8 Chesapeake Bay Invasive Catfish. cathyliu@umd.edu An opportunistic and adaptable apex predator, the blue catfish was foolishly introduced in the 1970s as fodder for recreational fisherman. Virginia Seafood Handling, Safety, and Health, Virginia Seafood Guide – Sustainability in VIrginia, Virginia Aquaculture Oyster Growers Directory. “An extreme concern for me is the predation on crabs from the blue catfish,” says this Maryland native. Luellen et al (2018) analyzed mercury and PCBs levels for a total of 116 individual Chesapeake Bay Blue Catfish samples (31 from the James River and 44 from the Rappahannock River in VA, and 41 from the Potomac River in MD). The methyl mercury levels in fish fillets ranged from 0.033 ppm to 0.188 ppm and PCBs from 0.012 ppm to 0.071 ppm. But in some areas, blue catfish can pose major challenges. Commercial watermen in Maryland and Virginia harvested more than 5 million pounds of Blue Catfish in 2017 (Jerry Jackson / Baltimore Sun). For more information, visit the National Institute of Health (NIH)’s website: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Omega3FattyAcids-HealthProfessional/, Even though another omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) present in plant oils, such as flaxseed, soybean, and canola oils, can be converted into EPA and then to DHA, the conversion is very limited (≤15%). 2020-8 and VSG-20-30. In 2018 there was an estimated 500 million pounds of blue catfish in the bay. Available at: https://www.chesapeakebay.net/documents/workshop_catfish_report_final_pdf.pdf Schloesser, R.W., Fabrizio, M. C., Latour, R. J. et al. As a new predator in the ecosystem, Blue Catfish have been flourishing, invading the spawning waters of American Shad and other fish and shellfish native to the Bay’s tributaries, eating their eggs and endangering their survival. Catching and eating this invasive species may contribute to needed population control. Copyright © 2004 - 2021 Virginia Seafood and Virginia Marine Products Board. Their smooth skin lacks scales. Koi (鯉, English: / ˈ k ɔɪ /, Japanese: ) or more specifically nishikigoi (錦鯉, [ɲiɕi̥kiꜜɡoi], literally "brocaded carp"), are colored varieties of the Amur carp (Cyprinus rubrofuscus) that are kept for decorative purposes in outdoor koi ponds or water gardens.. Koi is an informal name for the colored variants of C. rubrofuscus kept for ornamental purposes. Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Available at: https://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/FFA_summary_rec_conclusion.pdf?ua=1 All rights reserved. Up close and in person, blue catfish are gruesome creatures. As you’ll read in his story, blue catfish are an alien species, deposited in regional waters the way so many oddities arrive: released by humans, in this case to build a new fishery. There are many health benefits of Omega-3 fats in fish. According to a recent study (Fisher, 2020), Chesapeake Bay Blue Catfish fillets contain 19g of high-quality protein per serving (4 oz) with only 1.5g of fat. But, notice the spots along the sides. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Why are they so delicious? But a new management plan says that with coordinated action — including ramped-up efforts to get people to develop an appetite for them — … In the Chesapeake Bay, blue catfish are a popular recreational fishery. But now, thanks to marketing efforts, particularly in Maryland, the commercial fishery for blue catfish in the Chesapeake Bay is ramping up. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2801-9 They are among the preferred prey of osprey and bald eagles. It was thought that these fish only lived in very fresh water. They found that blue catfish ate a wide variety of species, including many of management concern such as blue crabs, blueback herring, American shad, softshell clams, menhaden and white perch. The Siluriformes order contains the thousands of different species of catfish on Earth. Internet Explorer lacks support for the features of this website. Electrofishing efforts have caught upwards of 6,000 fish in an hour. Like Most Fish Species, Blue Catfish Fillet is High in Protein and Low in Fat and Cholesterol Regional and national tournaments are held annually on the James River, and the Potomac River is nearly a year-round hotspot for catfish angling. They actively feed on aquatic prey, including other fish (Menhaden, American Shad, White Perch, and River Herring) and shellfish (crabs, clams, and mussels). 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The information presented has met UME peer review standards, including internal and external technical review. Fisher, R.A. 2020. Interim Summary of Conclusions and Dietary Recommendations on Total Fat & Fatty Acids. There have been studies to observe the invasive nature of catfish and some solutions have been derived for use by farmers who need to prevent catfish from being invasive in their private ponds. Whether it’s browsing the seafood counter at your local grocery store or enjoying a boat ride down the James River, you may have encountered one of the Bay’s most notorious invasive species: the blue catfish. It has a slate blue body, a silver-white belly and four pairs of black, whisker-like barbels around its mouth. This will result in greater numbers of catfish harvested from the system and available for processing market and consumers. Cooking is the best way to control microbial contaminants (bacteria, virus and parasite). Blue catfish are native to the Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, and Rio Grande river basins. From the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Fats and Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition, 10-14. Blue catfish are native to the Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, and Rio Grande river basins; they have been stocked for fishing in nearly 20 states. (2011). extension.umd.edu. They lower the risk of obesity. They are tasty and nutritious. In some parts of the Chesapeake Bay, catch and release of these fish is discouraged; instead, anglers are encouraged to remove and kill. Tkacik C. and Dance S. (2019): As blue catfish multiply in Chesapeake Bay, watermen pursue new catch — and restaurants offer new delicacy. Blue catfish represent up to three-quarters of the biomass in the James, Rappahannock and York rivers on Virginia’s western shore of the Chesapeake Bay (Schloesser et al. These fast-growing aquatic goats can multiply into a dominant species, “representing up to 75 percent of total fish biomass,” Bill learned. Virginia has created a new commercial fishery to target Blue Catfish using Low Frequency Electrofishing Technology (a generator supplied pulsed low frequency DC current that temporarily stuns the fish and causes them to surface to enable harvesting). Blue catfish were introduced to a few rivers in the Chesapeake Bay watershed decades ago. The numerous small lakes along the backwaters offer great fishing opportunities offering a variety of species such as bluegill, shellcracker, largemouth bass, hybrid striped bass, and mullet. As a wild product, there is some variation in size; normal size being 8 to 14 ounce fillet. While adults usually grow to be less than 2 feet long, they can grow to be 5 feet long and weigh more than 100 pounds. Many anglers like fishing for blue catfish because they are strong, savvy fish that are a good challenge. Channel cats make good table fare, especially in the spring and fall. Some of its closest relatives include the bullhead catfish, channel catfish, and more.It is the largest species of catfish … Blue Catfish also eat crab, fish, crayfish, clams, mussels, frogs, and other readily available aquatic food sources, which play an important role in our ecosystem and economy. Since they are not picky about where they live, they have expanded their range to most of the major rivers of the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay record is a blue catfish caught in the James River that was 102 pounds. 2011). Adults usually grow to be less than two feet long, but can be as long as five feet and weigh more than 100 pounds. They croak like pigs. As part of a healthy diet, eating fish and other seafood offer heart health benefits and lower the risk of obesity. Luellen, D.R., LaGuardia, M.J., Tuckey, T.D. Blue Catfish (Ictalurus furcatus) Blue Catfish are long and often slender with a deeply forked tail. Many anglers like fishing for blue catfish because they are strong, savvy fish that are a good challenge. Babyboomers who burned their bras and smoked pot to Jimi Hendrix in the 60s & early 70s got a hair cut, a decent job, grew up and started to settle down and make Gen-Y babies. 9 to 10 years, though some have been known to live up to 25 years, Average less than 2 feet in length but can grow to 5 feet, New England/Mid-Atlantic, The Blue Catfish has become an invasive species in the Chesapeake Bay because they are voraciously opportunistic predators that daily consume between 8-9% of their body weight (CBP, 2017). Anglers will have the best results fishing when water levels are low, and the river is within its banks. "Blue catfish eat everything, including each other, and there aren’t a whole lot of things that eat them once they get a certain size." Blue catfish have four pairs of black whisker-like barbels around their mouths. Fodder for recreational fisherman concern for me is the best way to reduce numbers invasive! 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