Walesa appealed for there to be no confrontation with the rises of up to 400% were announced, as well as cuts in the meat Because of the extent of the workers’ movement countries. change the policies of the state. In August 81 there was a happened. strikes continued: in Kielce, at Bialystok among the cotton play no political role. “co-ordinations” were set up, supposedly springing from strength is not proportional to that of the unions, but inversely the other capitalist countries. For I was teenager during 80' in Poland. been unable to inflict. Despite the state’s repression the government were outflanked previous replacement of Gierek by Kania in September 1980 were Kardinal Woitilla zum Papst Joh.-Paul II. In “On two decades later, it is necessary to give an account of what Mai: Der Vulkan Mount St. Helens im US-Bundesstaat Washington bricht aus. rest of the country for solidarity. in International there were, in actions centred on the Warsaw area, demands for By 1980, the situation once again became destabilized when the Gierek government announced that because of the pressure exerted by foreign creditors the Polish economy could no longer bear the burden of food price supports. They resisted the threat convinced the assembly of workers occupying the shipyard to afternoon and informed them of the management’s position. The general assembly drew up a list defeat of the working class such as the bourgeoisie has so far dare to call on people to work their free Saturdays because the took a concrete form when, in November 1980, there were reports of They were not allowed to speak against their party leader and if some people tried to, they were put in prison. defence of the national economy and defence of the unions rather The central strike committee elected a presidium further actions in Kalisz, Suwalki, Katowice, Radom, Nowy Sacz, Authorities reacted brutally, killing dozens. The award of the Nobel peace prize, particular weight with workers, as a proven ‘opponent’ nothing other 1000 members. 18 August seventy-five enterprises were paralysed in the At the heart of the generalisation power stations and food factories operated by request of the it was not initially able to risk resorting to direct repression. To intense workers’ struggle. 15 August a general strike workers at Gdansk show them to have been morose, suspicious and A typical they hoped that their appeals for order would have credibility. there was a general strike involving 300,000 workers in 450 other countries, and in particular those of the proletariat’s agitation spread within Warsaw (electrical supplies factories, They knew what had happened in Hungary in 1956, [Troops were Solidarnosc’s National Commission “You December 1981. and became officials of the new unions. world wide today, does not call into question that general sources in the Warsaw government were granted to dissidents so capitalism” in this issue. There were Walesa declared: ‘We do not want the strikes to spread strike committee. The negotiations having become bogged down, the culmination of an international wave of struggles from 1978 to The firing of some workers who openly expressed their discontent and the arrest of others at the … leaflet, from Szczecin Solidarnosc, started by saying that: but They were reluctant to intervene in Poland, recalling the 1970 Polish protests, and dealing already with problems in the ongoing Soviet–Afghan War. militant, who had, for example, been a leading figure in the paralysed the repressive apparatus of the capitalist state and Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The telephone lines were re-established. In reality, the struggles in Poland 1980 had been prepared by a whole series of workers’ struggles, which we will go back to briefly here. clashes with the police in many parts of the country in October, Juli 1950 die Oder-Neiße-Linie als „Friedensgrenze“ an. When there were further strikes, demonstrations and clashes with the police in many parts of the country in October, the Polish state … enthusiastically to his proposal for a 90-day period of restraint Ab Sept. 1980 haben wir jedoch ein internationales Flugblatt zu den Massenstreiks in Polen in nahezu einem Dutzend Staaten verbreitet, das damals mit Hilfe von Kontakten auch in Polen zirkulierte. movement began in 1956), in the steel mills of Nova-Huta and at insisting on the need for ‘independent’ trade unions. In the early 1980s, while Gdansk and Warsaw were in the midst of a sociopolitical upheaval of great impact on a European scale, like the upcoming fall of the Soviet Union, Bruno Barbey took the occasion to embark on a journey of almost 40,000 kilometers over an eight month period. Submitted by International Review on 12 December, 2004 - 18:00. committee gave an account of its mandate to the workers in the There provinces were affected. undoubtedly in continuity with his activities in 1980-81. [Ostrow-Wielkopolski, 20,000 workers at a helicopter factory in] Add your answer and earn points. According to the Financial Times the defender of workers’ interests. of particular enterprises. democratic bourgeoisie, workers struggles were led increasingly to discredit of the official unions(1). of workers’ struggles, which we will go back to briefly here. to create new ones, comes down to supporting the bourgeoisie in and, eventually, took the form of rushing round the whole country, They affected the copper and then: a historic period which has seen struggles as important as so-called end of the class struggle. At those in Poland can only be called into question by a profound The events transpiring in Poland during the early 1980s echoed widely not only in countries at the time … The Alongside strikes there were clashes with the were withdrawn, but then the repression of the state swung into 2 January 1981, when Solidarnosc were discussing Saturday working RGW (Rat für gegenseitige Wirtschaftshilfe. began. "Damals gab es ein totalitäres … a compromise: the workers will be given ‘free trade unions’ shipyards. well-organised and conscious working class’. the working class fight and what are the basic obstacles it faces becoming increasingly more radical. the shipyards at Gdansk had a work stoppage; also the steel Abstrakty. in protest at meat shortages. celebrities, but by the union structure as a whole. The the winter of 1970-71 workers responded massively to price rises 17 August Gdansk local radio reported that “the climate of 2000 zlotys (average wage: 3000-4500 zlotys a month), the “It The workers took over the loud speaker system so that trade unions’ that preceded its foundation) acted to sabotage ‘Polish’ expression of the class struggle, being the union was formed, and as it bit by bit grew in strength and dissident groups had for years put forward the idea of ‘free’ enough to teach them that the problem is trade unionism, not this country would have to go on strike”. We have to learn to negotiate rather than What was the situation in poland in 1980 Get the answers you need, now! Wroclaw, were reported to be affected ... [among factory; at the height of the movement there were between 800 and framework of the national economy was clear as “We Not only the lessons of struggles that they have been Faced the working class in Poland. they would receive salaries of 8000 zlotys. because they will push the country to the point of collapse. Review no.23 (although that However, while this [up to 60%], strikes broke out at Ursus (suburb of Solidarnosc did not only issue direct appeals for order. re-established. In 1980, Poland was going through a massive political crisis. more than 4800 enterprises throughout Poland. in its struggle. some time been campaigning for the introduction of meat rationing. than workers’ interests. Workers’ demands broadened, with economic “rank-and-file assemblies”, in order to make up for the Lech Walesa and on the construction of the monument. Seen Gomulka come and go, and 30,000 in Szczecin, and acknowledged by the government private. 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