MET does not use an isometric contraction of the target muscle before the stretch b. His terminology and discoveries have given rise to many of the hands-on training techniques still in use today. Isometric contraction of antagonist against resistance 2. followed by concentric contraction of agonist combined Stretch antagonist Hold Relax 1. Have patient contract antagonist muscle. Key words: athletic performance, gender differences, age differences, stretching Introduction Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) is a stretching technique Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching Protocols PNF Reciprocal Inhibition: Take muscle to be stretched to tension. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching techniques are commonly used in the athletic and clinical environments to enhance both active and passive range of … 2005;40:94-103. Move into agonist pattern passively 2. Static Stretches – stretching when the position is held for a given amount of time, usually 15-30 seconds. PNF Stretching Contract Relax 1. There are two types of stretches – static and ballistic stretches. One of the goals of MET is joint mobilization c. The stretching phase of MET is always done actively d. One of the goals of MET is joint stabilization 13. Examples of his concepts should be very familiar to you: PNF Stretching Techniques •PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation) is a physiotherapy modality that seeks to enhance neuromuscular function by activating proprioceptors through facilitation, inhibition, strengthening, and relaxation of selected muscle groups. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation shows potential benefits if performed correctly and consistently. PNF Stretching Technique (C.R.A.C. PNF stretching is positioned in the literature as … 12. 5 Introduction to Stretching Stretching is a very important part of a training program and is often overlooked. Excellent for take home stretches. TYPES OF STRETCHES . Acute effects of static and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on muscle strength and power output. Have client/athlete apply moderate resistance to motion for 3-5 seconds using antagonist muscle 3. This inhibits the agonist. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching techniques are commonly used in the athletic and clinical environments to enhance both active and passive range of motion (ROM) with a view to optimising motor performance and rehabilitation. PNF: The Best for Improving ROM! This stretch is most effective AFTER warming up (or dynamic stretching) Active static stretch: the muscle being stretched does the work. PNF (Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation) In the early to mid 1900s physiologist Charles Sherrington popularized a model for how the neuromuscular system operates. Many problems stem from lack of flexibility. FIT Formula (Static Stretching) F 3 - 7 times per week I 10% beyond normal length of muscle T 10-60 seconds. The active-assisted stretching Muscle Energy Technique (MET) differs from PNF stretching in that: a. When I started using PNF stretching in the early 1990’s I quickly discovered that PNF was a far superior form of stretching for improving flexibility and range of motion (ROM).While other forms of stretching were better when trying to achieve other goals, when it came to getting an athlete as flexible as possible; PNF was the best choice. Contract antagonist & hold stretch for 15-30 seconds or less based on patient tolerance/comfort. •PNF stretching techniques are a small component of the entire PNF repertoire. Propioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) is the neurophysiological approach in which impulses from the periphery are facilitated to the central nervous system through the stimulation of sensory receptors present in muscles and around the joints by stretch, resistance, traction, approximation and audiovisual command to the patient. Method) Contract agonist isometrically Relax muscle for a few seconds Contract the antagonist for 15 seconds Relax. Areas Needing Stretching … • 11: Young W, Elliot S. Acute effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching, and maximal voluntary contractions on explosive force J Athl Train. Relax antagonist 4. Seconds Contract the antagonist for 15 seconds Relax or less based on patient tolerance/comfort held for a few Contract. And discoveries have given rise to many of the entire PNF repertoire agonist isometrically Relax muscle for few! 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