Some of his ashes were scattered at sea, and some were interred at Zōshigaya Cemetery in Tokyo and at Koa Kannon, a temple dedicated to the bodhisattva of compassion in Atami. Hideki Tojo was born in Tokyo, Japan, on December 30th, 1884, to Lt. General Hidenori Tojo of the Japanese Imperial Army. December 23rd, 2008 Headsman. He was an esteemed administrator and skillful field commander and became noted as a stern disciplinarian. info); December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941, to July 22, 1944. exersize diplomacy. As the education minister, he continued to enforce militaristic and nationalist indoctrination in the education system. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The author examines Tojo's life against the backdrop of increasing Japanese militarism - Civil war, political assassinations, and coup d'états - and uses exclusive interviews with Tojo's wife to illuminate … Hideki Tojo was declared Prime Minister, replacing the more cautious and politically moderate Fumimaro Konoe. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tojo, hanged as a war criminal after the country surrendered, accused opponents of being "frightened". Hideki Tojo's Prison Diary Published here for the first time in English is the postwar prison "diary" of Japanese General and Premier Hideki Tojo. 1 Answer. Have fun! The successful Allied invasion of the Mariana Islands so weakened his government, however, that he was removed as chief of staff on July 16, 1944, and on July 18 he and his entire cabinet announced their resignation. A military child himself, he advanced through army ranks completing his education in the Army Cadets School as 10th in his class (out of 363 cadets). Some political structures in the early 1940s in Japan weren’t so eager in entering a war against the United States and negotiations were desperately held between the two parties, with no chance of finding a common language. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Within a matter of days, he was ousted from the post of Prime Minister and replaced by Koiso Kuniaki. Tojo was a workaholic and believed in strict discipline. In July 1940 he was appointed minister of war in the cabinet of Prime Minister Konoe Fumimaro. He returned to Tokyo in 1938 as vice-minister of war and was one of the leading advocates of Japan’s Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy (1940). He worked to strengthen Japan's country after the depression, so that way he could build up Japan's military. - Hideki Tojo quotes from BrainyQuote.com "We now have to see our country surrender to the enemy without demonstrating our power up to 120 percent. Although Prime Minister Tojo was responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, it might be more accurate to put Emperor Hirohito in this spot. Tojo Hideki was head of the Japanese Imperial Army and Prime Minister of a country at war. Contributor: C. Peter Chen ww2dbase Hideki Tojo (born Eiku Tojo) was born in Kojimachi District (now Chiyoda), Tokyo, Japan to the Japanese Army infantry Lieutenant (later Lieutenant General) Hidenori Tojo. He was very popular in Japan during the early days of the WWII but the moment the tide of war began to turn after the Battle of Midway, he began to face heavy opposition. His social reforms were to uphold the Traditional Japanese Kokutai and eradicate what he called ‘Western decadence’ from Society. Hideki Tojo was born into a family of respect and prestige due to his father being an army officer from the former Samurai caste and his mother being the daughter of a Buddhist priest. Hideki Tojo married Katsuko Ito in 1909. Steam > Strategic Mind: The Pacific Community Items > Hideki Tojo This item is a commodity, where all the individual items are effectively identical. Japan experienced a lot of victories during the early years of the war and was well on the way to create their own world order in Asia. 40th Prime Minister of Japan and general of the Imperial Japanese Army who was directly responsible for the attacks on Pearl Harbor. A military tribunal found him guilty, and he was executed by hanging on December 23, 1948. Hideki Tojo was born in 1884, the third son of Hidenori Tojo, a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army. Tojo, along with several other Japanese leaders, underwent trial by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo. Lt. John J. Wilpers Jr., a key member of the Army intelligence unit that arrested Japanese wartime prime minister Hideki Tojo, stands over Tojo after he tried to commit suicide on Sept. 11, 1945. Hideki Tojo. These two schools were a gateway to power in pre-World War II Japan, and many graduates were prominent members of the militarist faction that controlled Japanese politics in the 1930s and ’40s. Tojo was definitely one of the most prominent figures in the Empire of Japan, especially during the 1930s. On this date in 1948, seven “Class A” war criminals, including Japan’s wartime Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, were hanged at Sugamo Prison by the American occupation authorities. After his country surrendered to the United States in 1945, former Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo had a pretty rough go of things. 1937 - … Hideki Tojo was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the infantry of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) in March 1905. •Name: Hideki Tojo •Country: Japan •Steps He Took to Become the Leader: –Became a War General –He was a Strong Nationalist –Oct 1941 -He became Prime Minister and eventually took control of the country. According to his descendants, he was treated unfairly and he only had the best intentions of his country and people in mind. Photo courtesy of the United Stated Government via Wikipedia . At the trial he was found guilty and then hanged. His family was in the samurai caste. As a divine right monarch, Hirohito made an easy target for Americans looking for reasons to hate an enemy. HIDEKI TOJO THIS IS A TOP SECRET REPORT ON THE RISE OF HIDEKI TOJO OBTAINED BY AMERICAN SPIES BASED IN JAPAN. 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