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Insects are everywhere in our life. Often we ignore them either because they are too small or too common. Through this series of activities we focus on children's observation skill and guide them to find out common insect's role & function in our surroundings. Children can understand all insects are neither harmful nor do they disturb us and many insects are helpful for us especially in organic farming / gardening.

It is said that India has about 2,500 species of fish which are 11.7% of fish species in the world. Among India, as Bengal is called ‘the land of Maach (fish) & Bhaat (rice)’, fish is very popular diet in West Bengal. Diversities of water bodies existing in the landscape of West Bengal offers wider variety of fishes too.

A case study from Assam

Introduction

New educational portal Math4U - http://math4u.vsb.cz offers attractive and complex training materials for students and also offers tools for teachers to prepare tests and exams.

Math4U portal is divided into three main sections - Math for Student (Math4S), Math for Teacher (Math4T) and Math for Class (Math4C).

The topic of ‘Equations’ can be approached in several ways. The choice of approach has a strong impact on the conceptual image which a student builds about a given concept. Hence, the choice is crucial in helping a student in understanding the concept as well as in developing the procedure for solving the problems. However, every approach has its limitations and can be used only for solving certain types of problems. Its use is limited and it may become necessary to expose students to other approaches when the type or complexity of the problems alters.

The emphasis in the books is on the process of science - observing, asking questions, trying to find the answers through further observations and experiments - rather than on information that chil- dren are expected to memorize without any real understanding. Needless to add, it would be difficult to use this book meaningfully without doing the activities.

The aim of the Homi Bhabha primary science curriculum is to engage students and teachers together in a joyful and meaningful learning experience. The curriculum is built out of simple, thematically organised, activities and exercises. The TextBook, WorkBook and Teacher’s Book for each Class are meant to promote active learning in every sense. To use these books, students must get out of the mind-set of copying the correct answers from the blackboard or from other students. Small Science should not be just read, it should be done.

Primary school students, particularly in rural areas, have rich, interactive experiences of the natural world. But lacking systematisation and clear expression, their observations and skills do not contribute to school learning. Urban students from literate homes, on the other hand, are often encouraged to ignore their natural surroundings, and to concentrate on meaningless bookish learning.

Small Science Class 1 & 2 deals with the broad area of environmental studies. This Teacher's Book illustrates a few of the almost unlimited learning opportunities offered by our immediate environment. In these first two classes we should remain unconstrained by a definite set of topics; the idea is to simply open up possibilities for learning in everyday contexts.

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