In our last Low Floor High Ceiling article, we had looked at Squaring the Dots... a series of questions on counting the dots inside squares of different sizes and orientations drawn on dotted paper with the dots as lattice points. The focus of the activity was to tilt squares and try to find a general formula for the number of dots inside the square of a particular tilt, as the side of the square changed.

As a corollary of Section 8 of the Right to Education Act, every young Indian citizen in elementary school today has the legal right to get mathematics education of good quality. Perhaps India is the only country in the world, where this is legally mandatory. Two questions are now squarely on the agenda of Indian math education: “What is math education of good quality?” and, “Is it possible to ensure this for every child?”

CSpathshala national curriculum committee comprising computer scientists from top academic institutes as well as IT industry experts have explored various curricula framework and recommendations and have developed a computing curriculum suitable for K-12. The guidelines as well as the curriculum details are presented in the CSpathshala Curriculum document.

The idea of the basic counting module is to look beyond just numbers to figure out why we need numbers at all, why do we count and how does it help us.  This is the building block towards understanding systematic listing, thinking and reasoning skills in higher classes.

This worksheet accompanies the lesson plan Basic counting and why do we need to count. This class covers basic counting, using real-life examples.

This presentation covers the following:

  • What is counting?
  • Using Numbers to: List many objects and count them, Help us think and solve problems
  • Numbers and counting in daily life

Most problems in our textbooks are procedure oriented and repetitive; they can be solved in a mechanical fashion. There is very little scope for reasoning, investigating, discovering, predicting. Nor is there any scope for challenge and creativity. Children need exposure to problems requiring higher order thinking skills. All children deserve such experiences - the challenge and enjoyment of interesting problems in mathematics.

The possibility of learning mathematics through ICT support has never before been so promising.


This book explains the basic principles behind the current approach to mathematics. It has activities that children can do at home, in the grocery store and while in transit.

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