MS Khilora Government School has 107 students in classes VI to VIII and a somewhat equal gender distribution. Baring a few, students mostly come from the neighbouring farmer community.

# manipulatives

2D base 10 blocks, popularly known as Flats-Longs-Units (FLU) are the most useful of all manipulatives for numbers. They can be extended to decimals through fractions as well as to algebra tiles.

These pre-grouped proportional manipulatives can be used to introduce numbers up to 999 and the four operations - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. In fact, they can be used to understand the division algorithm to find the square root!

This article is Part II of the series ‘Algebra – a language of patterns and designs.’ The approach is based on the perception of algebra as a generalisation of relationships.

In Part I, we introduced the ideas of variable, constant, term and expression via numerical patterns. Various operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication) involving terms and expressions were also studied.

- Read more about Introduction to Algebra II - At Right Angles Pullout
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The late Shri P. K. Srinivasan had developed an approach to the teaching of algebra titled ‘Algebra – a language of patterns and designs’. I have used it for several years at the Class 6 level and found it to be very useful in making a smooth introduction to algebra, to the idea and usage of concepts such as variable and constant, to performing operations involving terms and expressions. This approach steadily progresses from studying numerical patterns to line and 2-D designs, finally leading to indices and identities.

- Read more about Introduction to Algebra I - At Right Angles Pullout
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Here are some questions which arise while teaching Multiplication: Should children memorize the multiplication tables? Is it enough if one only teaches the procedure of multiplication? Perhaps answers to these questions can be found if we reflect on the importance given to the construction of knowledge. If we see that children must understand how facts and procedures are derived, and how concepts can be visualized, then our approach will be dictated by that understanding.

- Read more about Pullout Section March 2014 - Teaching Multiplication
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