Education Technology

The journey of Information and Communication Technology in Indian school education started through National Policy on Education in India in the year 1984-1986, modified in 1992, stressing the need to include technology in school education to improve the quality of education. This policy led to two central schemes for ICT and Education in 2004, revised in 2010, focusing mostly on computer literacy and Computer Aided Learning.

This article discusses the evolution of Educational Technology in India, its success and failures with respect to time, state's policies and state's implementation strategies. It analyses the reasons behind various ups and downs Indian Education System has gone through in its journey towards a better model of ICT in Education. 

Interlinkages between Education and Technology

In the beginning of his well-argued book Geek Heresy: Rescuing Social Change from the Cult of Technology, Kentaro Toyama quotes Bill Gates, “The first rule of any technology used in a business is that automation applied to an efficient operation will magnify the efficiency. The second is that automation applied to an inefficient operation will magnify the inefficiency.”
 
Recent reports from different parts of the world show that computer / IT supported learning programmes are not yielding the learning improvements expected. 
 
So why is this happening?
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