chance

Graphics calculators have been available to students in secondary school in some countries now for more than thirty years, although of course their capabilities have been developed in various ways to support the school curriculum over that time. The most frequent use of these devices seems to be concerned with the representation of functions, including in particular their graphical representation, which was an important component of a previous paper in this magazine (Kissane, 2016).

Just imagine, in a routine mathematics class a teacher enters the class room with a colorful board game. Instead of instructing students to take out their math textbooks/note books and setting work for them, he just opens the game board and allows students to play the game. The eyes of the students sparkle and they enjoy playing. Even the back benchers (who generally do not get involved in class room work) come forward to play and give a neck to neck fight to the scholars in the class.

This article is a comprehensive review of the book Giving Kids a Fair Chance, a book edited by James J. Heckman.

What are the odds that the game of chance you are playing is fair? How does the organizer of a lottery make a profit? How often does a customer win at a casino? Kamala Mukunda analyzes games of chance and brings great expectations within reach of an introductory course to probability. 

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