Q: What is the connection between source reduction and reduction in green house gas emissions? This page provides a brief overview of responses to frequent questions about the Waste Reduction Model (WARM). Due to their diverse component mixture, these material types cannot be "source reduced" in WARM. Over 30% of the raw material used in glass production now comes from recycled glass. In 2004, the 12 billion bottles and cans recycled by Californians saved the equivalent of enough energy to power up to 522,000 homes, according to CalRecycle calculations. Green Needham will also be inviting RecyclingWorks, a state-funded business assistance program, to offer a free food waste reduction workshop for area businesses and institutions. One ton of recycled steel saves 642 Kwh of energy, 1.8 barrels of oil, 10.9 million BTU's of energy, and 4 cubic yards of landfill space. Plastic. For other materials management, using certain practices is not currently technologically possible. What happens when I select the “National Average” landfilling scenario under question 5? Can WARM be used as a GHG accounting or inventory tool? Reduce/Reduction: to make something smaller or use less, resulting in a smaller amount of waste. New products can be made from your recyclable waste material. Inventory Waste: List only what you need and make sure that overhead costs don’t include items that are outdated or of no use to you any longer. Everyone knows recycling means less trash going to our landfills but the greatest environmental benefit of recycling is the conservation of energy and natural resources and the prevention of pollution that is generated when a raw material is used to make a new product. California’s investments in recycling collection infrastructure have brought substantial returns in the form of reciprocal investments and job creation by recycling manufacturers. A negative value for the total or incremental change in GHG emissions, energy or economic impacts indicates that the alternative scenario results in a net decrease in life-cycle GHG emissions, energy or economic impacts compared to the baseline scenario. For example, non-organic materials like metals cannot be composted or anaerobically digested. Recycling bins are set up at GREEN@COMMUNITY for collecting clean and sorted plastic wastes of different resin types, e.g. This conservation reduces pressure to expand forests cutting and mining operations. Watch how various community groups are working together to find a solution to this growing problem. Online Waste Reduction and Recycling Fee Filing FAQs A guidance document does not include internal procedural documents that only affect the internal operations of DOR and does not impose additional requirements or penalties on regulated parties or include confidential information or rules and regulations made in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act. To help Californians find the recycling bin instead of the trash can, CalRecycle has some simple tips for bottle and can recycling: • Own a business or work in an office building, gym, school, restaurant or other location where people dispose of CRV containers? Question Of The Week: Zeroing In On Waste Reduction. Answering your questions about what you can recycle, where and why. When a recycled material, rather than a raw material, is used to make a new product, natural resources and energy are conserved. 152.32 million BTU's of energy, and 10 cubic yards of landfill space. EPA notes that one limitation of this version’s economic analysis is that composting and anaerobic digestion economic impacts are undervalued in WARM factors because they are not inclusive of life-cycle impacts. Recycling - An Important Part Of The Solution. A: In a broad sense, recycling is part of an ethic of resource efficiency – of using products to their fullest potential. Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 30 Nov 1993 The biggest benefits of using real nappies are that they save you money, reduce your waste and provide comfort for your baby. To remove this error and model digestion of yard trimmings, select “Dry Digestion” under question 8a. A: Last year alone, recycling bottles and cans saved enough energy to power up to 522,000 homes in California. For further information, EPA has prepared a short summary on the differences between life-cycle analysis (such as WARM uses) and GHG inventories, available from the Additional User Guidance documents. Each student should select a different number, so that no question will be asked more than once. A key part of waste reduction is conservation—using natural resources wisely, and using less than usual in order avoid waste. On average, we recycled and composted 1.51 pounds of our individual waste generation of 4.44 pounds per person per day. To learn more about waste generation in the US see the US EPA report Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: Facts and Figures. I believe that it is important to have and implement a strong policy for waste minimisation and reduction. Recycling of aluminum cans saves 95% of the energy required to make the same amount of aluminum from its virgin source. Why aren’t some materials management practices available for certain materials? By reusing aluminum, paper, glass, plastics, and other materials, we can save production and energy costs, and reduce the negative impacts that the extraction and processing of virgin materials has on the environment. The WARM results show “INPUT ERROR: Please select dry digestion”. Producing products using recovered rather than raw materials uses significantly less energy which results in less burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. For additional information on direct and indirect economic impacts in WARM, please refer to the Economic Impacts chapter as part of the Documentation for Greenhouse Gas Emission, Energy and Economic Factors Used in WARM. You can kit your baby out with all the nappies they need from the high street for under £80, add £1 per week to wash them and you’ll still save £500 compared to the market-leading disposable nappy. The following week I get a canned email saying thanks but not thanks. Keep an extra bag or box in your car so that you can collect your beverage containers without having them roll around in your car. For additional information on the management pathways available for each material, please refer to the Documentation for Greenhouse Gas Emission, Energy and Economic Factors Used in WARM. Recycling at Stanford Reduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The most basic information needed to run WARM includes data on the amount of waste handled by material type (e.g., aluminum cans, corrugated containers), the associated waste management practice currently used (recycling, composting, combustion, anaerobic digestion, or landfilling) and the alternative practice, which could include source reduction. As the waste stream continues to grow, so will the pressures on our landfills, our resources, and our environment. The average American discards seven and a half pounds of garbage every day. This garbage, the solid waste stream, goes mostly to landfills, where it's compacted and buried. The correct answers are in bold. One ton of recycled glass saves 42 Kwh of energy, 0.12 barrels of oil (5 gallons), 714,000 BTU's of energy, 7.5 pounds of air pollutants from being released, and 2 cubic yards of landfill space. A: Yes it can! Source reduction (waste minimization) refers to the strategies that minimize the amount of generated waste and/or reduce the toxicity of the resultant waste when designing or manufacturing products or services. Energy drinks are all the rage, and in recent years beverages that invigorate consumers have flooded the marketplace. It all comes back to you. The results are cleaner air and water, less pollution, more forested land and open space, and reduced greenhouse gases. If you select either the “National Average” or the “No LFG Recovery” options, questions 6a and 6b do not apply and you should proceed to question 7. A: Reducing the amount of paper you use is not just being cost-effective, it is taking concrete steps to reduce climate change. Source reduction, often called waste prevention, is any changes in the design, manufacture, purchase, or use of materials or products (including packaging) to reduce their amount or toxicity before they become municipal solid waste. Importantly, many of these recycling manufacturers rely on a steady and consistent supply of recyclable materials generated from recycling programs. The state of the economy has a strong impact on consumption and waste generation. • Yard waste, including grass clippings, leaves, yard and garden debris • Lead acid vehicle batteries, automotive waste oils and waste tires • Used oil filters Designing Your Recycling and Waste Reduction Program 1. Sign up for a Tour of the Stanford Recycling Center, Overview of the Stanford Waste Reduction, Recyclng, Composting and Solid Waste Program. One ton of recycled plastic saves 5,774 Kwh of energy, 16.3 barrels of oil, 98 million BTU's of energy, and 30 cubic yards of landfill space. When sufficient data are not available, WARM cannot include the management practice and material combination. With all the energy that is saved when we recycle bottles and cans and paper, we should all recycle and buy recycled more often! Ceisteanna — Questions. Steel. However, if you select “LFG Recovery”, you can further refine how WARM models landfilling by responding to questions 6a and 6b. By reducing air and water pollution and saving energy, recycling offers an important environmental benefit: it reduces emissions of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons, that contribute to global climate change. Because of concern for the environment, recycling is again on the upswing. By Krista Jaeger. Interview. The energy savings applies to all recycling sectors: Aluminum. Identifying overproduction waste may be a process of … Solving the problem of e-waste. More so than any other waste management option - including composting, recycling, and landfilling - source reduction helps turn back the clock on climate change. A waste assessment will provide you with important data to discover opportunities for waste reduction. I applied online. One ton of recycled office paper saves 4,100 Kwh of energy, 9 barrels of oil, 54 million BTU's of energy, 60 pounds of air pollutants from being released, 7,000 gallons of water, and 3.3 cubic yards of landfill space. Where do I start? Based on his observations and deep analysis, he categorized the 7 types of waste (7 Mudas), which later became a popular practice for cost reduction and optimizing resources. Documentation for Greenhouse Gas Emission, Energy and Economic Factors Used in WARM. Seattle economist Jeffrey Morris estimated that manufacturing one ton of office and computer paper with recycled paper stock can save nearly 3,000 kilowatt hours over the same ton of paper made with virgin wood products. We should all do our share to protect the earth and its atmosphere. Or said another way, conserved 12,131 barrels of oil or 567,3014 gallons of gasoline. Questions that remain about food waste. Although WARM emissions estimates are intended to support voluntary GHG measurement and reporting initiatives, WARM is intended as planning tool and not an accounting tool. [The Food Waste Reduction Cycle flips over on itself revealing a stopwatch. The WARM results show negative values for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy or economic impacts. In WARM, the same tonnage of materials must be analyzed across both the baseline and alternative scenarios. a half-eaten sandwich etc). The San Diego County Office of Education has figured out that recycling one glass bottle saves enough energy to light a 100 watt light bulb for four hours. Fusion is among the most environmentally friendly sources of energy. It's currently up to around 30%. 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