Shostakovich String Quartet No 8 in C minor. 8 to be a virtual retrospective of his musical life, knitted together with the first-person pronoun that is his musical signature D-S-C-H (D-Eb-C-B), and composed at a time of suicidal despair. In the liner notes of the Borodin Quartet's 1962 recording, music critic Erik Smith writes, "The Borodin Quartet played this work to the composer at his Moscow home, hoping for his criticisms. You speak a lot about Shostakovich. Shostakovich: String Quartet No. I reflected that when I die it’s not likely anyone will write a quartet dedicated to my memory. The pseudo-tragedy of the quartet is so great that, while composing it, my tears flowed as abundantly as urine after downing half-a-dozen beers. 8 is one of the most moving, meaningful works I have ever played. Shostakovich at 100: The String Quartets All week, Performance Today celebrates the centenary of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich. First of all I want to thank You for your gorgeous TTC projects. 5; the second movement uses a Jewish theme first used by Shostakovich in his Piano Trio No. 8 in C minor, Op. 8. But Shostakovich, overwhelmed by this beautiful realisation of his most personal feelings, buried his head in his hands and wept. There’s more than just black humor in this statement; according to the just-quoted Lev Lebedinsky, Shostakovich intended to commit suicide after completing his Eighth Quartet. Instead, the composer seemed to have discovered a new kind of distinctly Russian neoclassicism. This item: Shostakovich: String Quartets Nos.1, 4, 6, 8, 9 & 11 by Jerusalem Quartet Audio CD $18.81 Only 1 left in stock - order soon. 1 in C major, Op. Music History Monday: The Worthy and Unworthy, from High Taste to Low. It is one of the world's longest-lasting string quartets, having marked its 70th-anniversary season in 2015. By the early 18th century, composers were often adding a third soloist; and moreover it became common to omit the key… 7 is a compact 13 minutes of ambiguous intent, the most impact coming from the brooding, sorrowful Lento. To generate PDF files: > lilypond Shostakovich-String-Quartet-8.ly 110Mov. Among the reasons Shostakovich managed to survive was that he was considered by the powers that were to be a yurodivy, a village idiot, a holy fool who protests in the name of humanity and not in the name of political change. In 1960, Nikita Khrushchev decided to make Shostakovich the head of the newly founded RSFSR, The Russian Union of Composers. 110, Allegro molto. Shostakovich was consistently at odds with the Soviet government. Perhaps the sad and disconcerting sound is purposeful in an attempt to “show” how life is under the Soviet government. Shostakovich was a perfectionist not only in music but in his personal life: according to his daughter … In a letter, Shostakovich sarcastically dismissed it as an "ideological piece of no … The Eighth Quartet is an entirely autobiographical work, written – start to finish – in an astonishing three days. He played the quartet to me on the piano and told me with tears in his eyes that it was his last work. He wrote a symphony (No. [1] Peter J. Rabinowitz has also pointed to covert references to Richard Strauss's Metamorphosen in the Eighth Quartet.[2]. 8 was completed on July 14, 1960 during the midst of his crisis over joining the Communist party. Lebedinsky wrote: “Shostakovich purchased a large number of sleeping pills. Though his 8th string quartet was officially titled “In Memory of … The fourth movement of the quartet is used extensively in The Lobster, a 2015 film directed by Yorgos Lanthimos. 133 (1968) [29'02]; Piano Quintet in G minor, Op. The work was written in Dresden, where Shostakovich was to write music for the film Five Days, Five Nights, a joint project by Soviet and East German filmmakers about the bombing of Dresden in World War II. That, as my dear departed paternal grandfather Sidney was wont to say, is a pile of hooey. 1 in C, Op. The city was still in ruins after allied bombing. In 1936 it was his near-purge over the opera Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District; in 1948 it was his censure and subsequent blacklisting for composing music deemed to be too “modern” and “self-expressive”. So I decided to write it myself. Glikman, Isaak (2001). 110, was written in three days (12–14 July 1960). 8 in C minor, Op. These quartets are also very personal to us in the fact that through studying these works, they have helped shape who we are as artists and as a string quartet. Shostakovich’s compositional career corresponded exactly with the history of the Soviet Union from 1917-1975. 8 in C minor, Op. 12 in D flat, Op. Dedicated “To the Memory of the Victims of Fascism and War”, Shostakovich’s Eighth Quartet is in reality dedicated to a particular victim of war namely, Dmitri Shostakovich, and the war over his own soul. Guitarist, arranger and rapidly-emerging internet-superhero Connor Gallagher has been delighting us with metal Shostakovich for a few months now. Lesser calls the quartets Shostakovich's "pure" music, by way of contrast to the "impurity" of the symphonies and other work, as demanded by the composer's navigation of … 8 gets the treatment. He saw his friends purged and killed; he was eyewitness to Stalin’s horrific “five year plans” as well as the Nazi destruction of much of his country; to post-war reconstruction; to the arms race; really, the entire Soviet nine yards. The Seventh was dedicated to his first wife, Nina Vasilyevna Varza, the Eighth the victims of fascism and the war, including himself as a victim, and the Ninth was dedicated to his third wife, Irina Antonovna Shostakovich. For many the recordings by the Borodin Quartet are matchless and I'd say you really can't go far wrong with their recordings. You could even write on the cover [of this string quartet]: ‘Dedicated to the memory of the composer of this quartet.’”. Compiling from Source. 110, 1960. There are two reasons: first Shostakovich lived in a period of history and in a society which has now vanished. 8 in C minor Op. 2 (1945), How To Get and Keep Kids Interested In Concert Music – Part Eight. Wagner’s Funeral March from Gotterdammerung and the second theme from the first movement of Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony are also hinted at. No. I`ve listened to almost all of them and I try to use them among my friends as a tool to popularize classical (or concert, as you wish) music. Shostakovich was born on September 25, 1906 in St. Petersburg, and died in Moscow on August 9, 1975, a few weeks shy of his 69th birthday. This drawing is from a series based on Dmitri Shostakovich’s String Quartet No.8 1960. Today, cellist David Finckel of the Emerson Quartet … No signup or install needed. This list may not reflect recent changes (). A transcription of Shostakovich's String Quartet No 8 in C Minor. 7 and 8 from 1960 offer even better opportunities for existential Shostakovich. When they had finished playing, the four musicians quietly packed up their instruments and stole out of the room."[3]. In horror, I wondered if something had happened to a member of his family. In response to my questions, he mumbled through his tears: ‘They have been hounding me, they have been pursuing me.’, I had never seen Dmitri Dmitriyevich in such a state. I was shaken and cried.”. Transkription for piano solo | Sikorski Music Publishers", Festive Overture in A major for Orchestra, The Tale of the Priest and of His Workman Balda, Seven Romances on Poems by Alexander Blok, Suite on Verses of Michelangelo Buonarroti, The War Symphonies: Shostakovich Against Stalin, Quartet Movement in E-flat major (c. 1960s), List of compositions by Dmitri Shostakovich, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=String_Quartet_No._8_(Shostakovich)&oldid=990808545, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It was a major honor, one that Shostakovich believed would make him untouchable and would, at the same time, guarantee the safety and success of his children, Galina (24 who was years old) and Maxim (22 years old). Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich 1 wrote fifteen string quartets and in listening to any of them in this third manner some background information is essential. Music History Monday: Shostakovich and His String Quartet No. Do you have any attitude to his contemporary Nikolay Yakovlevich Myaskovsky? AmazonUK. The origins of the string quartet can be traced back to the Baroque trio sonata, in which two solo instruments performed with a continuo section consisting of a bass instrument (such as the cello) and keyboard. Mr. Greenberg, I want to ask you a little question. In truth, he was a coward and a hero and everything in between. Most of all, he was a great composer. The quartet no. Speaking about DSCH, I was amazed by your understanding of political and economic situation in USSR during post-revolution period. "The Rhetoric of Reference; or, Shostakovich's Ghost Quartet", "Lecture 57- A Stunning Shostakovich Quartet", "Shostakovich, Dmitri: QUARTET NO. String Quartet No. Five days after he finished it, Shostakovich wrote Isaac Glikman: “I’ve [just finished] an ideologically deficient quartet that … 8 in c minor, Op. Dmitri SHOSTAKOVICH (1906-1975) Complete String Quartets, Volume 6 String Quartets: No. : IJR 118 Key Shostakovich’s letter to Isaac Glikman continues: “The quartet makes use of themes from my works and the revolutionary song: Tormented by Grievous Bondage. It feels like the moaning of history’s forgotten victims, while the terse, jagged finale is like the rage of history’s wounded survivors. Shostakovich wrote the 8th quartet after visiting Dresden in 1960. Art, politics, and current events make problematic bedfellows, but they are a Ménage à trois that cannot be avoided when talking about Dmitri Shostakovich and his music. 1, Symphony No. Shostakovich is not just the most important composer of string quartets and symphonies from the 1920’s to the 1970’s, he was also a witness to the rise and failure of Soviet Communism, a defining event of the 20th century. 1 and Symphony No. The piece was written shortly after Shostakovich reluctantly joined the Communist Party. 1 (1947–48). He was quite hysterical. The work is filled with quotations of other pieces by Shostakovich: the first movement quotes his Symphony No. Dear Mr. Greenberg. It is one of Shostakovich’s greatest masterworks. The quartet, extremely compact and focused, is in five interconnected movements and lasts about 20 minutes: The first movement opens with the DSCH motif – Shostakovich's musical signature. This compact and focused quartet was written in three days and dedicated “to the victims of fascism and war”. Robert Greenberg | Copyright © 2021 All Rights Reserved, Explore more from this work in Lecture 7 of Great Masters: Shostakovich—His Life and Music, The String Quartet in Time of War: Benjamin Britten, String Quartet No. Its popularity has continued to the present day with over a hundred commercial recordings appearing during the last 40 years. 8 in c minor, Op. The first movement begins broodingly with a four-note theme known as the “DSCH” motto. This string quartet has none of the bravura of the fifth symphony which preceded it. I managed to remove the pills from his jacket pocket and gave them to his son Maxim. [4] Boris Giltburg arranged the quartet for piano solo. I read some history on Shostakovich in order to better understand the 8th string quartet and the context in general. Music History Monday: Furtwängler. [5] Other arrangements include Lucas Drew's Sinfonia for string orchestra[6] and Abram Stasevich's Sinfonietta for string orchestra and timpani.[7]. 8 was completed on July 14, 1960 during the midst of his crisis over joining the Communist party. The fifth contains a play upon another motif from Lady Macbeth. Work Title String Quartet No.8 Alt ernative. Shostakovich composed his 8th string quartet in only three days, July 12–14, 1960. According to the official site (http://myaskovsky.ru/?&lng=2) his works are almost completely abandoned in Russia, and for me and my friends, who appreciate classical music it`s a real mystery and even a tragedy. Posted by Robert Greenberg on Monday, November 2nd, 2020. When it was first performed in October 1960, Shostakovich's Eighth String Quartet was greeted with a standing ovation and given a full encore. 49 (1938) [14'54]; No. BUY NOW . Historian, Composer, Pianist, Speaker, Author. Ships from and sold by Disco 100. Come see Alexander String Quartet 1 on October 13, 2019 - 2:00pm. Kuhmo Festival: Borodin Quartet: Shostakovich String Quartet No. Shostakovich's friend, Lev Lebedinsky, said that Shostakovich thought of the work as his epitaph and that he planned to commit suicide around this time. 8 in C Minor, Op. About an hour later, he took hold of himself sufficiently to tell me that [he had been forced by Pospelov and Khrushchev to join the Party.]”. 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