I have a question about masculine and feminine nouns, I just meet this: la commande (feminine) Ex. I thought I'd left my earrings in the box, but now I can't find them. You may have heard that there is only one way to know the gender of a noun: to learn it by heart. We all placed flowers on the casket before we buried it. She has taught English and French for more than ten years, most notably as an assistante de langue vivante for L'Education Nationale. This is another strategy that has helped me quite a bit. So it is NOT the object itself that is masculine or feminine…. Nobody uses 100% of a language. À la cantine, Daniel a choisi une pomme, une soupe, et un sandwich. Masculine plural: tristes In theory at least, because if there are 20 women and one man, people often use the feminine form. Most of the nouns ending is eau are masculine. Another bit of good news: As with les, the plural form of “a” in French, des, stays the same whether you’re using it with masculine or feminine nouns. Figure out the Gender of French Nouns. It’s really uncomfortable!). Instead of saying “I can’t open the door.” I’d say “I can’t open her.” Or “the soup is hot” it’s “She’s too spicy.” “The wind is blowing hard.” to “He is blowing hard.”. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (NOTE: the endings for feminine words that you listed above follow this rule for the most part, without having to remember dozens of different endings). Feminine singular: triste Take the word “Légume” when you say it, “Lay-g-ew-m” it sounds like it ends with “m”. For example: Nadine est si gentille. Il est bon, Elle est bonne). You could say, “They’re just words.” But the truth is, the logic behind this rule was probably that males are more important and powerful than females. That idea is valid for learning and bettering any language, be it one’s mother tongue or a foreign language. If you’re not, try saying or writing the word with its masculine or feminine article a few times. I explain it to my college students this way, I hope it helps: I English we say “an igloo” because the noun igloo begins with a vowel. Many other professions can now also be feminized, since the concept has been officially recognized by the Académie Française (a ruling that was only made in 2019). That’s it. But I’ve got news for you: Even native French speakers occasionally have trouble with it! -té: la santé, la bonté; Cléa, Hélène, Rose, and Paul like movies. Salut Ben, en français toute règle que tu peux imaginer a une exception. That’s definitely something I want to work on though. Claire, Donald, Céline, Christine, et Roger were all tired. Oiseau is masculine. ending anything but ‘e’ – masculine, Isn’t it the same as the simplified list I posted though? Unless you really like memorizing lists, I don’t recommend you learn these endings by heart, since the process would be extremely boring. Learn how to mimic immersion and surround yourself in French without even leaving home! Or should I refrain from using masculine words to refer to female dates? Your answer to each word will be either "masculine" or "feminine". In French for instance we call that modern marvel The Eiffel Tower “La Tour Eiffel”. For example, the word voile in French can either mean a sail or a veil. (Out of curiosity, just now I went through the vocab lists for my French II textbook — and confirmed that the above rule correctly identifies 88.5% of the nouns from those lists as feminine vs. – wild As I said in the article, this list is simply here for reference, I absolutely don’t recommend to learn it by heart. Except words ending in -age, -ege, -é, or -isme (these endings often indicate masculine words). Getting the gender right is important in order to avoid confusion and to speak the language correctly. If we called that same structure “un monument” then it is masculine. But nowadays, you can choose  to make them feminine, like so: une professeur/une prof (a (female) teacher); une écrivain (or une écrivaine, especially in Canadian French) (a female writer). . The other way that I would like to suggest you all. Hint:- Mnemonics!!! Except for non-native speakers who would inherently expect a veil, an accessory typically worn by females, to be the feminine one…. mostly if there is an e at the end, my guess is feminine. That means that not only do concepts that may reinforce gender stereotypes persist in the language used for some French professions; unpredictable gender rules do, too. You use the masculine form if there is at least one man in the group. This means the adjective is either: Let’s take several adjectives as examples. You have to learn only those few masculine endings with E as last letter… Quite simple. – words that end with ‘e’ are feminine except those that end with ‘ge’ or ‘me’ You could probably master hangul in less than a week. Although English nouns may not be gendered, people and their corresponding pronouns are. While reading this, I simply realized there is an easier way to tell masculine from feminine nous: by checking on your list, I saw that 90% of all feminine words end with a voyelle! The passé composé tense is the most striking example of the influence of genders and number on conjugation, although any verb tense that uses an auxiliary verb can be influenced by the gender and number of the subject. Improve this question. Here, for instance, is the verb aller conjugated in the passé composé: Je suis allé(e) please! : s is pronounced as “sh”, z as “z” – put them together, you obtain sz pronounced as “s” and zs as the first sound in the French word “jurer”, or in “manGer”. I have to know if it's feminine or masculine to know which form of beau to use. In these cases, the gender of the noun will be indicated by whether it is preceded by el (masculine) or la (feminine). el libro. Masculine … As in English, pronouns change depending on the subject’s gender. French nouns and adjectives are gendered – but it doesn’t follow any sense or logic. She let me borrow her car for the day.) Would I say "meine Schatz" because my date is feminine? As for vowels, there exist 12, of different lengths – o is shorter, than ó, or u is shorter than ú, etc. Grammatical gender is a system of noun classification. Pensé que había dejado mis aros en el estuche, pero ahora no los encuentro. Unlike English, French nouns are either MASCULINE or FEMININE This is known as the GENDER 2. At the cafeteria, Daniel chose an apple, a bowl of soup, and a sandwich. Masculine singular: content Lots of French words look similar but have a different gender.It depends on the ending more than on the meaning, because it’s the word itself which is feminine or masculine, not the meaning of the word. masculine.). el sacapuntas . el monedero. Adjectives don’t have a gender as such, but their ending depends on the gender of the noun they describe. The association needs to be personal, since it has to be something you will easily remember. Gender - Masculine, Feminine, Neuter This Grammar.com article is about Gender - Masculine, Feminine, Neuter — enjoy your reading! , The majority of words that end in -e or -ion. Here are some categories of French words that are typically masculine: Here are some categories of French words that are typically feminine: For more details about these categories, you can have a look at this list or this one, which includes links to two French podcasts about how to tell what gender a word is. So, une voile is a sail and un voile is a veil. It’s thought that as time went on and religion became more organized and, in most places, less animistic, gender seemed like a good way to keep nouns organized. Is that therefore a masculine word or a feminine word? To us, that seems very logical. Maybe they have also one gender to speak about aliens!? These are adjectives you can use to guess how other adjectives with similar endings will change. Luckily this is one of many myths about the French language. 2,347 13 13 silver badges 17 17 bronze badges. The 5th French lesson teaches the use of the gender by creating the feminine from the masculine form. Let’s explore why genders exist in the French language, why they’re important, and how you can finally be sure of which gender to use a vast majority of the time. Anonymous. masculine. For instance, in Canadian French, une médecin and une docteure are used, and doctoresse is used in Swiss and Belgian French. Translate Gender (check one). There is no warranty for the data. While there is no precise data available, you can consider that you’ll be right 80% of the time if you use this simplified list. When you find a noun ending in –ista (e.g. Not really, for example: une chanson, un fleuve. Many languages group nouns by whether they’re animate or inanimate. Masculine. For instance, look at how countries in French use different prepositions depending on their gender. el estuche. Here are the most important grammatical elements in French that change based on genders. Just downloading the apps for a newspaper or two, or even starting with simple stories such as children books will do wonders. But with genders attributed to words in a way that seems completely arbitrary, how can you ever learn the genders of every French noun? After a while, you’ll see that you can intuitively guess the gender of a noun based on its ending. I did start looking at the words seeing if I could figure out anyway to automatically decide which one is feminine and which is masculine and did start noticing that the majority of feminine words I came across mainly seemed to end in e (which is handy ‘cos Elle ends in E and Il doesn’t, and so does une), there was a few that didn’t quite fit into the list like the ones that ended with ion but this page has helped make that more clearer. There are exceptions, but if you know these patterns, you’ll know how most adjectives change based on the gender of the noun they modify. Read 13 common French mistakes that’ll make you feel awkward before you use this adjective. Share. But before you do, here’s how to easily know the gender of French words. asked Sep 22 '13 at 16:32. Cactus2000 is not responsible for damage of any kind caused by wrong results. 4 French Gender Checker Tools to Choose Right Every Time 1. Yeah German has a third gender too. For example, If you love to sing, you could sing each word with a different tone depending on its gender. But the masculine “wins over the feminine”, meaning that when not knowing the gender of the cat one is talking about or when talking about cats in general, the use is to say: le chat, ou les chats, except obviously if one is actually saying something related to female cats in general, which are: les chattes. STUDY. 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