In public, President Ryti rejected the demands, but in private, he wrote to Mannerheim on 5 November asking him to halt the offensive. [16] Around 2,600 to 2,800 Soviet prisoners of war were rendered to Germany in exchange for roughly 2,200 Finnic prisoners of war. [115], By the autumn of 1941, the Finnish military leadership started to doubt Germany's capability to finish the war quickly. Hitler rejected this course of action. According to Clements, the war was mostly for appearances' sake. On 31 August, Finnish Headquarters ordered II and IV Corps, which had advanced the furthest, to halt their advance along a line that ran from the Gulf of Finland via Beloostrov– Sestra River– Okhta River–Lembolovo to Ladoga. [71] For Hitler, the distinction was irrelevant, as he saw Finland as an ally. More than 3,500 people died, mostly from starvation, amounting to 13.8 per cent of those detained, while the corresponding figure for the free population of the occupied territories was 2.6 per cent, and 1.4 per cent for Finland. [72] The 1947 Paris Peace Treaty signed by Finland described Finland as having been "an ally of Hitlerite Germany" during the Continuation War. In public, the proposed frontier was introduced with the slogan "short border, long peace". In November, Finland joined the Anti-Comintern Pact. Historian William R. Trotter stated that "it has so far proven impossible to pinpoint the exact date on which Finland was taken into confidence about Operation Barbarossa" and that "neither the Finns nor the Germans were entirely candid with one another as to their national aims and methods. [98], The Finnish II Corps started its offensive in the north of the Karelian Isthmus on 31 July. The Continuation war began when leaders of the Western Allies declared war upon the Soviet Union with the intent of keeping Germany aligned neutral or at least intact. The Finns aimed to expel the Russian portion of the local population (constituting to about a half), who were deemed "non-national",[144] from the area once the war was over,[145] and replace them with the local Finnic peoples, such as Karelians, Finns, Estonians, Ingrians and Vepsians. The Continuation War was a war between Finland and the Soviet Union. Cannibalism in this case can be seen not as an act of desperation to survive but rather a tool for projection of power. "[138] In 2014, author Jeff Rutherford described the city as being "ensnared" between the German and Finnish armies. In any case, the step from contingency planning to actual operations, when it came, was little more than a formality. by Esa K » 17 Nov 2005, 17:33, Post Finnish anti-aircraft defence repelled the raids and only five per cent of the dropped bombs hit their planned targets. They had full civil rights and fought with other Finns in the ranks of the Finnish Army. Cannibalism, also called anthropophagy, eating of human flesh by humans. To combat this, the Finnish government demobilised part of the army to prevent industrial and agricultural production from collapsing. Furthermore, the Soviet government announced that it no longer opposed a rapprochement between Finland and Sweden. "Raja 1918", also known as "The Border", is a Finnish war drama film directed by Lauri Törhönen set in the immediate aftermath of the Finnish Civil War of 1918. [185][177] The temporary Moscow Armistice was finalised without changes later in the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. The United Kingdom formally declared war on Finland on 6 December 1941 along with four Commonwealth states largely for appearances' sake. [82][83], The Army of Norway, or AOK Norwegen, comprising four divisions totaling 67,000 German soldiers, held the arctic front, which stretched approximately 500 km (310 mi) through Finnish Lapland. Risto Ryti was the sole candidate not objected to by any of the three powers and was elected on 19 December. After suffering severe losses, the Soviet 23rd Army was unable to halt the offensive, and by 2 September the Finnish Army had reached the old 1939 border. [50][51][52] Western historians, such as Norman Davies and John Lukacs, dispute this view and describe pre-war Soviet policy as an attempt to stay out of the war and regain land lost after the fall of the Russian Empire. [182], According to Finnish historians, the casualties of the Finnish Defence Forces amounted to 63,204 dead or missing and around 158,000 wounded. by Juha Hujanen » 17 Nov 2005, 18:02, Post by Juha Tompuri » 18 Nov 2005, 15:31, Post Foreign volunteers from Sweden and Estonia were among the foreigners who joined Finnish ranks; Infantry Regiment 200, called soomepoisid ("Finnish boys"), mostly comprised Estonians, while the Swedes mustered the Swedish Volunteer Battalion. [146], Finland had a small Jewish population of approximately 2,300 people, of whom 300 were refugees. Battle scenes from movie called "Täällä pohjan tähden alla 2". [45] On 15 and 16 June, the Soviet Union occupied the Baltic states without resistance and Soviet puppet regimes were installed. [81] The Finnish Air Force (Ilmavoimat) had 235 aircraft in July 1941 and 384 by September 1944, despite losses. German troops under command of the conqueror of Norway, and the Finnish freedom fighters under their Marshal's command, are protecting Finnish territory. The unit was 'partisan' in name only, as it was essentially 600 men and women on long-range patrol intended to disrupt Finnish operations. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "continuation of war" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. [42], The Soviet Union had received the Hanko Naval Base, on Finland's southern coast near the capital Helsinki, where it deployed over 30,000 Soviet military personnel. There were several cases of Jewish officers of the Finnish Army being awarded the German Iron Cross, which they declined. [43][44], After the Winter War, Germany was viewed with distrust by the Finnish, as it was considered an ally of the Soviet Union. 15 ] a Soviet-led Allied control Commission was installed to enforce and monitor the peace agreement in.! 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