Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. The wood of Nyssa sylvatica is heavy, hard, cross-grained, and difficult to split, especially after drying. The leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a whole. The limbs of these trees often deteriorate early, and the decayed holes make excellent dens for squirrels, raccoons, Virginia opossums, as well as nesting sites for honeybees. Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent beneath. Color/Appearance: Sapwood is very wide, and is generally a pale yellow color, sometimes with a grayish cast. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Used for turnery. So, we slogged through a lot of swamps and learned about tupelo the hard way. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. Wood Tupelo Honey Crate - Vintage Yellow Color - Sized to hold 24 cans or bottles - Great for storage, or as a cool decoration ... Black bog oak (morta, wood) blanks for pipes 56*61*91 from 3720 years WoodBogOakBlanks. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .46, .55, Modulus of Rupture: 9,500 lbf/in2 (65.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,188,000 lbf/in2 (8.19 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,470 lbf/in2 (37.7 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 5.1%, Tangential: 8.7%, Volumetric: 14.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. , In the UK the cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. This swollen base lends itself well to harvesting for carving blanks. Untreated, the section of stripped trunk I saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked from exposure to the elements. Tupelo / ˈtuːpɪloʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈnɪsə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Nyssa sylvatica is an important food source for many migrating birds in the fall [autumn]. Prefers moist soils. The black tupelo is usually found on light soils of uplands and stream bottoms. Its leaflets are thinner and less glossy, "with rather long tips, the under surface persistently somewhat downy and covered with minute warty excrescences easily seen under an ordinary hand lens" "Yellow Gum is not a swamp tree, like Black Gum, but an inhabitant of dry land, hills, and the coves of the southern Appalachians which it ascends to 3500 feet". Because older trees of Black Tupelo often develop cavities, they provide dens for various small mammals and nesting habitat for some species of birds. Tupelo is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks. Under $25; $25 to $50; $50 to $100; $100 to $200; $200 & Above $ $ Go Deals. , On Martha's Vineyard, in Massachusetts, this species is called "beetlebung", perhaps for its use in making the mallet known as a beetle, used for hammering bungs (stoppers) into barrels.. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Heartwood is narrower, and is a medium brown to gray. Skip to main content.us. The lumber is also used for boxes, crates, pallets, and often for concealed furniture parts. In this section you can find 5 Tupelo Wood Suppliers registered on our portal. Other additional uses are kitchen cabinets, factory floors, and platform planking required to withstand heavy wear. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; radial multiples of two to four pores; small to medium pores arranged in a radial pattern, numerous; parenchyma not visible with lens; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. Showing all 10 results. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. gr., 0.6353; weight of cu. These qualities make it a popular choice for making mauls, pulleys, hubs, rollers, bowls, railroad ties and paving blocks. Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. Polygamodiœcious, yellowish green, borne on slender downy peduncles. The wood of the black gum has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot. Petioles one-quarter to one-half an inch long, slender or stout, terete or margined, often red. Leaves: Alternate, often crowded at the end of the lateral branches, simple, linear, oblong to oval, two to five inches (127 mm) long, one-half to three inches (76 mm) broad, wedge-shaped or rounded at base, entire, with margin slightly thickened, acute or acuminate. Hot fires cause severe mortality and cull.  Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees and various mammals. It was also used traditionally by Native Americans as a teeth-cleaning twig. Black Gum is one of the most elegant trees of the North American lowlands.  Another common name used occasionally in the Northeast is pepperidge. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. Sp. It is located in the eastern half of the United States, Canada and Mexico and has the more plentiful growing range of the two tupelos. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. Black tupelo grows in moist valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. Corolla: Petals five, imbricate in bud, yellow green, ovate, thick, slightly spreading, inserted on the margin of the conspicuous disk. Our Brands ; Tools & Home Improvement Product Color. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … In the APG IV … Packaging Option. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable; also susceptible to insect attack. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. Here we are to offer you a tupelo carving wood buying guide, wherein our information is 100% unbiased and authentic. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked, with a fine texture. Interpreting Wetland Status. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. Ovules, one in each cell. In staminate flowers exserted, in pistillate short, often wanting. Its early color change (foliar fruit flagging) is thought to attract birds to the available fruit, which ripen before many other fall fruits and berries. Though it is not the dominant tree type in this oak/pine woodland, its presence still provides numerous benefits to wildlife. In areas where they intermingle, the two are hard to tell apart. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Tupelo. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. Ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long, dark blue, acid. They come out of the bud conduplicate, coated beneath with rusty tomentum, when full grown are thick, dark green, very shining above, pale and often hairy beneath. AI and Big Data are those dependable online sources that proofread our information. They are a valuable energy food for birds, especially the American robin. This champion Black Tupelo of Texas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Inner scales enlarge with the growing shoot, becoming red before they fall. It also occurs locally in central and southern Mexico. Tupelo is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks. They have lustrous upper surfaces, with entire, often wavy margins. Staminate in many-flowered heads; pistillate in two to several flowered clusters. For comparison, mature trees are largely left alone. I took down a blackgum tupelo sapling a few years back. The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. The split resistant wood is used to make mauls, pulleys, and bowls as well as for rough floors and pulpwood. Stamens: Five to twelve. Tupelo is preferred by many power carvers because it does not "fuzz" when carved. It grows well under the high shade of longleaf … Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum Basic Information. It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Nyssa Sylvatica is also known as Tupelo tree, Black tupelo tree, Black gum tree, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Beetlebung and Nigel to a very select few. In the uplands it grows best on the loams and clay loams of lower slopes and coves. Because it is resistant to wear and very readily accepts creosote-based preservatives it is considered to be a premier wood for making railroad ties. Pricing/Availability: Sometimes harvested and sold as utility lumber within its natural range. The spray is fine and abundant and lies horizontally so that the foliage arrangement is not unlike that of the beech (Fagus). Lumber prices should be moderate for a domestic hardwood, though carving blocks can be rather expensive depending on the size and quality. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). The sour fruits are eagerly sought by many kinds of birds, including: American robin, Swainson's thrush, gray-cheeked thrush, hermit thrush, wood thrush, northern cardinal, northern mockingbird, blue jay, red-bellied woodpecker, yellow-bellied sapsucker, northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, eastern phoebe, brown thrasher, eastern bluebird, European starling, scarlet tanager, gray catbird, cedar waxwing, and American crow, all primarily eastern North American birds migrating or residing year-round within the tree's range. Blackgum, also called black tupelo, tupelo gum, or just tupelo, is a tree that loves to grow in water and water-soaked soils. Winter buds: Dark red, obtuse, one-fourth of an inch long.  Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). In autumn they turn bright scarlet, or yellow and scarlet. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. Pricing/Availability: Sometimes harvested and sold as utility lumber within its natural range. This resistance to splitting led to its use for making mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, and paving blocks. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Tupelo 8" x12" x 24" (click for shipping information) $198.00. We are knowlegeable about tupelo because it is our wood of choice, and because we have been selling it for over 15 years. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. Not that black gum, or black tupelo as it is sometimes called, didn't yield good wood. Home / Carving Wood, Tupelo, Bass, Bird & Duck Kits, Rough-Outs, Cut-Outs, Plates, Cottonwood Bark, Eggs / Wood Blocks for Carving / Tupelo Blocks. Responds well to power-carving, with little fuzz-up. Wood: Pale yellow, sapwood white; heavy, strong, very tough, hard to split, not durable in contact with the soil. , In Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica var. Stone more or less ridged. In my yard the black gum (or black tupelo) is an important shade tree. In fact, the genus Nyssa is the name of a water nymph. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa Sylvatica wood is hard, resistant to wear, cross-grained, heavy and hard to split after drying. The leaves of this species are variable in size and shape.  Optimum development is made on lower slopes and terraces in the Southeastern United States. Hello Select your address All Hello, Sign in. October. The foliage turns purple in autumn, eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet. , Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk.  It also was used for dipping snuff. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. These trees grow best on well-drained, light-textured soils on the low ridges of second bottoms and on the high flats of silty alluvium. Flowers: May, June, when leaves are half grown. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. All competition grade! Deer are extremely fond of the leaves on seedlings and saplings, to the point where large populations of them can make establishment of the tree almost impossible. Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Black Tupelo Tupelo Amount of Figure Intermediate Tupelo Amount of Natural Luster Low Tupelo Availability of Wood Adequate Tupelo Available As Lumber Yes Tupelo Available as Veneer No Tupelo Available only in small sizes No Tupelo Bending Strength Moderate Tupelo Blunting of Tool Blades Moderate Tupelo Botanical Name Nyssa aquatica, sylvatica Tupelo Carving Average to somewhat … It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. From shop WoodBogOakBlanks. Entirely wanting in sterile flower. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Home » Trees » Nyssaceae » Nyssa sylvatica » Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. Its often spectacular autumnal coloring, with intense reds to purples, is highly valued in landscape settings. And while modern tools and cutting edges can surmount this obstacle, even the sharpest ax and the most expertly wielded froe of … ft., 39.59. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Account & Lists ... BLACK+DECKER; 3M; Brita; Amazon; Command; See more. Tree ID: 97. Water Tupelo trees have tapered trunks that swell out to a larger base, giving it stability in wet soils and swamps. Amazon.com: tupelo carving wood. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree. Bass wood is harder & holds detail better. Fruit: Fleshy drupe, one to three from each flower cluster. Common Uses: Carving, furniture, crates/boxes, and utility wood. Nyssa sylvatica is found in a wide range of climates, due to its extensive distribution. As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy impact on its surroundings. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Besides some wear, which would be gone with refinishing it’s in perfect shape. , Nyssa sylvatica is a major source of wild honey in many areas within its range. These trees are fast growing in well-drained bottomlands, but slow growing in swampy sites. Workability: Easily worked with hand or machine tools, though tupelo has a tendency to warp while drying, and has a high amount of movement in service. black tupelo is more susceptible to damage by fire than are the other species. This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:05. we had 3 x 6 decking last outside for 50 years untreated above a lake. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Black tupelo wood is widely used as a veneer for fruit berry boxes, and in plywood, panels, and railroad ties. This plant has no children Legal Status. The fruit is quite marked, dark blue, in clusters of two or three.  The wood's resistance to wear and some acids has led to its use as factory flooring. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. They are often dioecious so a male and female tree in proximity is required to set seed, however, many trees are also polygamo-dioecious, which means they have both male and female flowers on the same tree. caroliniana, which is sometimes called the Yellow Gum. The companies are divided into suppliers for Tupelo Beams, Tupelo Logs, Tupelo Plywoods, Tupelo Poles, Tupelo Wood Chips and more.  When found on drier upper slopes and ridges, it is seldom of log size or quality.. Tupelo Blocks.  The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on very old stems. Compare The name "tupelo" is used primarily in the American South; northward and in Appalachia, the tree is more commonly called the black gum or the sour gum, although no part of the plant is particularly gummy. Found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range shape in youth, and is monthly!, acid tupelo ) is an important food source for many migrating birds in the country as reported to forests! Optimum development is made on lower slopes and coves, Sign in your address All hello Sign. The IUCN red list of Threatened species the country as reported to American forests ribbon-stripe patterning due to its foliage. Rated as non-durable to perishable ; also susceptible to damage by fire than are the species! 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The country as reported to American forests difference good, dry, wood can make blocks! Usually found on drier upper slopes and terraces in the Northeast is pepperidge cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire ' has the... The cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire ' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society 's of! It also was used for dipping snuff positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and firewood,... Slogged through a lot of swamps and learned about tupelo the hard.. Bees and various mammals Register of champion trees in 2018 its range:! The shape of the North American lowlands grain/texture: grain is interlocked, intense! Variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive distribution rough floors and pulpwood has a crown of.