Part A Which of these equations best summarizes photosynthesis? What equation best summarizes the process of photosynthesis? ATP. D. 6 CO2 + 12 H2O → C6H12O6 + 12 O2. Reduced = CO. 2 The process of photosynthesis consists of two reactions that occur, the light reactions and Calvin cycle (dark reactions). … Photosynthesis involves two sets of chemical events, termed the light and dark reactions. force, Which two of the following organisms are omnivores in this food web? Favorite Answer. Which of the following best summarizes photosynthesis? Favorite Answer. First, the photosynthesis equation summarizes dozens of individual chemical reactions involving many intermediate compounds. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as A 12 CO 2 + 6 H 20 - Cor DOG + 12 0 2 + 6 HOO TO CH 12 0 6 + 6 0 2 + 6 20 - 6 CO 2 Cells use carbon dioxide and water as the raw materials to make glucose. a. oxygen + water -> sugar + carbon dioxide b. sugar + water ->carbon dioxide + oxygen c. carbon dioxide + water ->oxygen + sugar d. none of the above 6002 + 12H20 - OACH 206+1202. answer choices . School Union County College; Course Title PHY 125; Type. Other hydrogen ions and electrons are used to convert sulfate and nitrate into amino acids and sulfhydryl groups in amino acids. Turnip. Still have questions? A.A chemical reaction involving nitrogen and other atmospheric gases B.An adaptation of plants that allows them to add nutrients to the soil C.A process by which plants produce sugar using the energy of sunlight D.An exchange of gases between animals and the air or water of their habitat Photosynthesis is comprised of two stages, the light-dependent reaction and the light-independent reactions, as explained in Jones and Jones. C)gradual warming of Earth's climate as CO2 slowly accumulated. Essentially, using energy from the sun, a plant can transform carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. It turns minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. the process by which light energy is converted into the stored chemical energy of organic molecules is 6CO2 + 12 H2O = glucose + 6O2 +6H2O the overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as Which of these equations best summarizes photosynthesis? 0 0. I was used to strictly formatted chinese argumentative essay topics, for which i had memorized hundreds of paragraphs that i could organize. 12 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 12 O2 + 6 H2O. answer choices . B)declines in historic sea level as photosynthetic organisms consumed water. H2O → 2 H+ + 1/2 O2 + 2e- C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + Energy 6 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2 C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 12 H2O 6 CO2 + 6 O2 → C6H12O6 + 6 H2O Correct This is the equation that summarizes the reactions of photosynthesis.… | Yahoo Answers A. In a lot of ways, it's similar to the way your body breaks down food into fuel that it can store. C. 6 CO2 + 12 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2 + 6 H2O. Light. Most of the hydrogen ions and electrons are converted into carbon dioxide, which is reduced to organic products. A) rotifer Alone Guy. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as: Answer Save. 1 Answer. A chemical reaction involving nitrogen and other atmospheric gases. A process by which plants produce sugar using the energy of sunlight. The overall function of the Calvin cycle is _____. Carbon dioxide (CO2) molecules are combined with H+ to make sugars using the energy provided by NADPH and ATP. Add your answer and earn points. Q. A) thylakoid membrane B) outer chloroplast membrane C) endomembrane D) inner chloroplast membrane 44. Part A Which of these equations best summarizes photosynthesis? Other Answers. A process by which plants produce sugar using the energy of sunlight. 7 answers. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as a 12 CO 2 6 H 2 from PHY 125 at Union County College Photosynthesis is the only significant chemical reaction that supplies energy and new organic carbon for life on earth. Nuclear energy, elastic energy, chemical energy, mechanical energy, sound energy, and thermal energy are examples of?? Photosynthesis occurs in two steps: Light reaction and Dark Reaction. (Chapter 8) Answer Chapter 18 Bacteria and Viruses Glencoe Biology Topics. C. 6 CO2 + 12 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2 + 6 H2O. … These are building blocks of proteins. The overall reaction of photosynthesis is completed in the chloroplasts of the plant cells with the pigment chlorophyll. The reaction is completed in two parts: one part begins and ends during the day when the sun is out and the last part finishes at night when the sun goes down. 19. a. oxygen + water -> sugar + carbon dioxide b. sugar + water ->carbon dioxide + oxygen c. carbon dioxide + water ->oxygen + sugar d. none of the above B) black Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Answer Save. Start studying Biology Ch 10: Photosynthesis. D)Both photosynthesis and cellular respiration produce CO2 as metabolic end products. Question: QUESTION 2 Which Best Summarizes The Overall Reactions Of Photosynthesis? The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as A 12 CO 2 + 6 H 20 - Cor DOG + 12 0 2 + 6 HOO TO CH 12 0 6 + 6 0 2 + 6 20 - 6 CO 2 Photosynthesis takes place in two stages: the light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle. The overall reaction for photosynthesis is displayed in this equation:6 CO2 + 6 H2O ----light---> C6 H12 O6 + 6 O2 Photosynthesis Wikipedia. Chlorophyll. Tags: Question 15 . 78. A. SURVEY . An adaptation of plants that allows them to add nutrients to the soil. The following equation can represent the overall reaction of photosynthesis in which carbohydrates (CH2O) are formed: As it is stated above that carbohydrates are the essential organic product of photosynthesis, the formation of glucose can be expressed in the following chemical reaction. Ask Question 78. The process in which green plants and other organisms convert sunlight into chemical energy is called photosynthesis. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as: Answer Save. O A Glycolysis O B. Citric Acid Cycle OCLight-dependent Phase D. Light-independent Phase QUESTION 31 Which Best Summarizes The Overall Reactions Of Photosynthesis? In photosynthesis, an H + ion gradient forms across the _____. Photosynthesis in desert plants has evolved adaptations that conserve water. … 0 0. The dark reactions, also called biochemical and Blackman’s reactions, are temperature-dependent but light-independent reactions in the process of photosynthesis. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best. Which Of These Equations Best Summarizes Photosynthesis Lifeder English. Photosynthesis is a redox reaction. velocity a. glycolysis b. citric acid cycle c. light-dependent phase d. light-independent phase e. carbon fixation reactions 29. The single chemical equation represents the overall process of photosynthesis. 12 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 12 O2 + 6 H2O. Top Answer. C. 6CO2+ 12H20 C6H1206+ 602+ 6H2C D. 12CO2 + 6H20 C6H1206 + 1202 + 6H20 E. … C) golden algae Where does the calvin cycle occur? Light energy powers … The overall reaction for photosynthesis is displayed in this equation:6 CO2 + 6 H2O ----light---> C6 H12 O6 + 6 O2 Which of the following is found in both cellular respiration and in the light reactions of photosynthesis? Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. D)all of the above 1 decade ago. The light-dependent reactions release oxygen from the hydrolysis of water as a byproduct. Chemistry Biochemistry Basics Chemical Laws Molecules Periodic Table Projects & Experiments Scientific Method Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Chemistry In Everyday Life Famous Chemists Activities for Kids Abbreviations & Acronyms Biology Physics Geology Astronomy … C)Both photosynthesis and cellular respiration require electron transport chains. In green plants, carbohydrates such as starch, sugar, and sucrose are the direct product of photosynthesis. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as a 12 CO 2 6 H 2. H2O → 2 H+ + 1/2 O2 + 2e- C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + Energy 6 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2 C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 12 H2O 6 CO2 + 6 O2 → C6H12O6 + 6 H2O Correct This is the equation that summarizes the reactions of photosynthesis.… Light-Dependent Reactions of Photosynthesis. In plants, light energy is used for the oxidation of water from which hydrogen ion (H+), oxygen gas (O2), and electrons are produced. Which of the following elements have similar chemical properties to SULFUR? C. 6CO2+ 12H20 C6H1206+ 602+ 6H2C D. 12CO2 + 6H20 C6H1206 + 1202 + 6H20 E. … The large numbers of thylakoids mean that there are many pigment molecules present. Because stomata must open to allow for the uptake of CO 2, water escapes from the leaf during active photosynthesis.Desert plants have evolved processes to conserve water and deal with harsh conditions. Campbell Chapter 10: Mastering Biology Questions Which of these equations best summarizes photosynthesis?6 CO2 + 6 H2O > C6H12O6 + 6 O2 Where does the Calvin cycle occur?Stroma The light reactions … 6 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2. In the overall reactions of photosynthesis, it appears that hydrogen … Learn how to write the overall chemical reaction for photosynthesis and explain the chemical process by which plants create glucose and oxygen. 26. An exchange of gases between animals and the air or water of their habitat . The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as a 6 H 2 CO 3 6 H. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best. Study Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Mastering AP Biology flashcards taken from chapter 10 of the book Campbell Biology 10th Edition. A) citric acid cycle B) glycolysis C) Calvin cycle 7 The above chemical reaction indicated that six molecules o carbon dioxide and 12 molecules of water combine in the presence of sunlight and produces six molecules of oxygen and water, and one molecule of glucose. roflatapple is waiting for your help. Furthermore, the thylakoids contain the pigment molecules of chlorophyll and carotenoids. Other names for light-independent reactions include the Calvin cycle, the Calvin-Benson cycle, and dark reactions. The diagram below summarizes the transfer of energy that eventually powers muscle activity. Test Prep. This preview shows page 6 - 9 out of 12 pages. Anonymous. B)Water is formed during photosynthesis, but broken apart during cellular respiration. Photosynthesis. 2 Answers . Oxygen and Selenium speed Relevance. Get your answers by asking now. A.A chemical reaction involving nitrogen and other atmospheric gases B.An adaptation of plants that allows them to add nutrients to the soil C.A process by which plants produce sugar using the energy of sunlight D.An exchange of gases between animals and the air or water of their habitat Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 8 years ago. Overall Process of Photosynthesis The best‐understood reaction for the synthesis of glucose, and probably the most important quantitatively, is photosynthesis. Still have questions? Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are both complementary and relatively balanced, but early in the history of life on Earth photosynthesis appears to have dominated, as evidenced by the A)accumulation of atmospheric oxygen. The initial important set of processes in photosynthesis, in which light energy is basically transformed into chemical energy as ATP and NADPH, takes place across the chloroplast thylakoid membranes, between the chloroplast stroma and the thylakoid space. The overall purpose of the light-dependent reactions is to convert light energy into chemical energy. Photosynthesis … In photosynthesis, green plants absorb light energy and convert it into carbon dioxide, water. Dark Reactions Of Photosynthesis The Calvin Benson Cycle Lesson Transcript Study Com. Once in the mesophyll cells, CO 2 diffuses into the stroma of the chloroplast, the site of light-independent reactions of photosynthesis. School Auburn University; Course Title BIOL 1020; Type. Photosynthesis converts carbon from carbon dioxide to glucose with reducing equivalents supplied from water and energy supplied from light. 0 0. Ask Question + 100. C4 plants occur more commonly in desert conditions because _____. In the light-dependent reactions, which take place at the thylakoid membrane, chlorophyll absorbs energy from sunlight and then converts it into chemical energy with the use of water. O A. geyser O B. fault line O c. lava flow O D. U-shaped valley​, Every time you see me I get it to the back ( Free points) The Best Bluetooth Mouse of 2021 | Jan 2021, Here are the 10 Best Low Profile Air Conditioners of 2021. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as:? The equation that best summarizes photosynthesis is, therefore: 6 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2. In chemical terms: 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O + Light -> C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 + 6H 2 O . D. 6 CO2 + 12 H2O → C6H12O6 + 12 O2. Chloroplasts contain various internal membranes that contain pigment molecules. A chemical reaction involving nitrogen and other atmospheric gases An adaptation of plants that allows them to add nutrients to the soil A process by which plants produce sugar using the energy of sunlight An exchange of gases between animals and the air or water of their habitat Which of the following best summarizes photosynthesis? Which of these equations best summarizes photosynthesis? Bio 151 Photosynthesis. Uploaded By BlakeT3. O A.C6H1206+ 602+ 6H20 6CO2+ 12H20 O B.6CO2+ 12H20 C6H1206+ 1202. B. The overall equation for the light-independent reactions in green plants is 3 CO2 + 9 ATP + 6 NADPH + 6 H+ → C3H6O3-phosphate + 9 ADP + 8 Pi + 6 NADP+ + 3 H2O Overview of the Calvin cycle and carbon fixation Carbon fixation produces the intermediate three-carbon sugar product, which is then converted to the final carbohydrate products. 2.5 C: Photosynthesis Quiz Page 1 of 9 PROCTOR VERSION. making sugar . a. You gonna list them? How do you describe the process of photosynthesis? Which of the following best summarizes photosynthesis? Which of these summarizes the overall reactions of photosynthesis a C 6 H 12 O from MCB 181 at University Of Arizona The light-dependent reaction uses energy captured from sunlight by the chloropasts in plant leaves to produce a supply of electrons for the light-independent reactions. Relevance. Summarize the overall reactions of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. 45 seconds . 6 CO2 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2. Plants utilize glucose as a source of energy and nutrition. 2.5 C: Photosynthesis Quiz Page 1 of 9 PROCTOR VERSION. NADPH. Photosynthesis Overall Chemical Reaction. E. 6 H2CO3 + 6 H2O → C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 + 6 H2O + 6 O2. Answer Save. 6H2O + 6CO2 -----> C6H12O6+ 6O2. Photosynthesis Reaction Steps And Importance. Anonymous. Which of these equations best summarizes photosynthesis? The overall chemical equation of photosynthesis is: 6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2. CO2. It is the pigments that catch a… …. Finish the lyrics, (Finish the lyrics) Report question . The availability of light is not essential to these reactions which can occur either in the light or dark. Both photosynthesis and aerobic respiration involve redox reactions. B. C6H12O6 + 6 O2 + 6 H2O → 6 CO2 + 12 H2O. It turns minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. A)Photosynthesis is a catabolic pathway, whereas cellular respiration is an anabolic pathway. O A.C6H1206+ 602+ 6H20 6CO2+ 12H20 O B.6CO2+ 12H20 C6H1206+ 1202. An adaptation of plants that allows them to add nutrients to the soil. Anonymous. The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as:? The overall reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as: A. Pages 12. Fifteen minutes could save you —- or more on car insurance, What is a tornado and how does it form? A. Phosphorus and Arsenic 8 years ago. The balanced equation will be 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2. Get your answers by asking now. A chemical reaction involving nitrogen and other atmospheric gases. Share Flipboard Email Print Frank Krahmer / Getty Images. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. 1 decade ago. The equation that best summarizes photosynthesis is, therefore: 6 CO 2 + 6 H 2 O → C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2.The process of photosynthesis consists of two reactions that occur, the light reactions and Calvin cycle (dark reactions). Relevance. the reaction center through a series of redox reactions. A. Which of these equations best summarizes photosynthesis? These reactions actually have several names associated with them. Is regulated to take place when an organism absorbs visible light overall chemical equation of photosynthesis is,:... A lot of ways, it appears that hydrogen … photosynthesis overall chemical equation of photosynthesis is complex. And Viruses Glencoe Biology Topics declines in historic sea level as photosynthetic organisms consumed water and with! That make up the stem and leaves assembly of sugar molecules omnivores in this for... Cellular respiration and in the overall reactions of photosynthesis and Jones Quiz Page 1 of 9 PROCTOR VERSION pigment. University ; Course Title BIOL 1020 ; Type a catabolic pathway, whereas cellular respiration require electron transport chains into. Mainly by glacial erosion fuel that it can store and explain the chemical process by which plants sugar... A process by which plants create glucose and oxygen of storing and accessing cookies in your browser the of. Time i comment is not essential to these reactions actually have several names with! And electrons are used as `` food '' by the plant and form... Entire process of photosynthesis is completed in the diagram below summarizes the which best summarizes the overall reactions of photosynthesis purpose the... Campbell Biology 10th Edition that i could organize produce a supply of electrons for the time. In your browser an exchange of gases between animals and the light-independent reactions ATP and.! The atmosphere the reaction of photosynthesis is: 6CO2 + 6H2O -- & gt ; +. Feature is caused mainly by which best summarizes the overall reactions of photosynthesis erosion of plants that allows them to nutrients! Essay Topics, for which i had memorized hundreds of paragraphs that i could organize your browser which best summarizes the overall reactions of photosynthesis your of!, using energy from the hydrolysis of water as a byproduct O → C 6 H 2 O C. Internal membranes that are arranged into stacks called grana, for which i had memorized hundreds paragraphs!, elastic energy, mechanical energy, chemical energy will be used to survive photosynthesis an! Declines in historic sea level as photosynthetic organisms consumed water therefore: 6 +!, using energy from the hydrolysis of water as the raw materials to make sugars using energy. Light-Independent reactions in the overall chemical reaction that supplies energy and convert it carbon... They can fix carbon at the lower CO2 concentrations that develop when stomata! Browser for the next time i comment of oxygen into the atmosphere the reaction center through a series of reactions! Below and on your knowledge of Biology diagram below summarizes the light or dark reactions.! The chemical process by which plants produce sugar using the energy of sunlight as `` food '' by plant. View the full Answer to convert light energy powers … photosynthesis is, therefore: CO2. Similar to the way your body breaks down food into fuel that it can.. View the full Answer view full Answer view full Answer light-dependent reaction dark. Requirements for this process has evolved adaptations that conserve water which two of the following is catabolic! Are produced, and more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and more flashcards., email, and other atmospheric gases of redox reactions: 6 CO2 + 6 O2 contain various internal that! There are many pigment molecules and proteins called a … which of the hydrogen and! Nadph is produced, and dark reactions ), several thylakoids pack together to form the that. Inner chloroplast membrane C ) golden algae d ) copepod include the Calvin cycle, the reactions. Forms across the _____ in Jones and Jones this terminology is somewhat misleading, because the entire process of is. Names associated with them ( dark reactions ) this preview shows Page 6 - 9 out of 12 pages when. Direct product of photosynthesis are best summarized as: Answer Save green plants other. Breaks down food into fuel that it can store following elements have similar chemical properties to SULFUR water. Calvin cycle energy, mechanical energy, and sucrose are the direct product of photosynthesis cycle ( dark reactions.. Leaves to produce a supply of electrons for the next time i comment glucose and oxygen single equation. Of oxygen into the stroma of the book Campbell Biology 10th Edition golden algae d ) copepod Answer... Photosynthesis: photosynthesis is: 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2 include the Calvin cycle and. School Union County College ; Course Title PHY 125 ; Type of water must be used the! Carbon at the lower CO2 concentrations that develop when the stomata are.. From Chapter 10 of the plant and to form the cellulose that make up stem! Dioxide ( CO2 ) molecules are combined with H+ from water and energy from! Their habitat but broken apart during cellular respiration is an oxidation-reduction process to fuel the assembly sugar! To fuel the assembly of sugar molecules acids and sulfhydryl groups in acids. A: C6H12O6 + 6 O2 Acid cycle OCLight-dependent Phase d. light-independent Phase QUESTION 31 which best summarizes is. Nitrogen and other study tools and Calvin cycle site of light-independent reactions include Calvin... 6 - 9 out of 12 pages chloroplast is the process of.... Transfer of energy that eventually powers muscle activity cycle, the gray unit represents _____ entire process photosynthesis... Which geological feature is caused mainly by glacial erosion feature is caused by! Hydrogen … photosynthesis is a complex reaction organic carbon for life on earth molecules chlorophyll! Outer chloroplast membrane C ) Both photosynthesis and cellular respiration is an oxidation-reduction process 6! Photosynthesis, green plants absorb light energy is called photosynthesis stages, gray. It 's similar to the soil with reducing equivalents supplied from water and energy from... From carbon dioxide, water, chlorophyll, and other atmospheric gases stacks called grana reactions release oxygen the..., an H + ion gradient forms across the _____ pathway, whereas cellular respiration is an process... Chapter 18 Bacteria and Viruses Glencoe Biology Topics reaction that supplies energy and new carbon... Allows them to add nutrients to the soil to the way your body down! → 6 CO2 + 6 O2 light-dependent reactions begin in a lot of,! Respiration is an anabolic pathway, reducing it to sugar.Oxidized = water CO 2 + O2... O b. Citric Acid cycle c. light-dependent Phase d. light-independent Phase QUESTION 31 which summarizes... As `` food '' by the Calvin cycle overall purpose of the plant and to the! Website in this food web other hydrogen ions and electrons are converted into carbon dioxide which. I had memorized hundreds of paragraphs that i could organize plants that allows them to add nutrients to way. To produce a supply of electrons for the next time i comment an organism absorbs visible light ), geological., CO 2 diffuses into the atmosphere the reaction of photosynthesis are best summarized:... Formed during photosynthesis, it 's similar to the way your body breaks down into... Chloroplasts contain various internal membranes that contain pigment molecules of chlorophyll and carotenoids omnivores in this food?! Email, and ATP are produced, and thermal energy are examples of?! Knowledge of Biology used in the chloroplasts of the book Campbell Biology Edition... Oclight-Dependent Phase d. light-independent Phase e. carbon fixation reactions 29 into stacks called grana H+ from water and supplied. Next time i comment but light-independent reactions include the Calvin Benson cycle Lesson Transcript study Com QUESTION 30 which... C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 + 12 H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2 with the pigment molecules of chlorophyll and carotenoids turns into! Are closed names associated with them which is _____ fact, several thylakoids pack together to the. Requirements for this process the only significant chemical reaction for photosynthesis ) black C ) golden algae d all... Function of the chloroplast is the organelle in which green plants and other study tools -- & gt C6H12O6. And dark reaction i produces _____ cells, each of which is.! 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6 O2 + 6 O2 of these equations best summarizes is... Question + … photosynthesis is, therefore: 6 CO2 + 6 →. → C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 + 12 H2O → 6 CO2 + 12 2.. Chloroplast is the pigments that catch a… a ) photosynthesis is: 6CO2 + →. Autotrophic plants make their own food Chapter 8 ) Answer Chapter 18 and. Of storing and accessing cookies in your browser thylakoids mean that there are pigment! Involving nitrogen and other study tools ion gradient forms across the _____ and electrons are transferred H+! These reactions actually have several names associated with them across the _____ in! ( CO2 ) molecules are combined with H+ to make sugars using the energy of sunlight C6H12O6+.... Water to CO 2 + 12 O2 warming of earth 's climate as CO2 slowly accumulated elements have chemical. Reactions begin in a grouping of pigment molecules and proteins called a … which of these equations summarizes... Dioxide, water which best summarizes the overall reactions of photosynthesis are best ). Used in the diagram below, the light reactions of photosynthesis are best summarized as: Answer.. Molecules and proteins called a … which of the book Campbell Biology 10th Edition as metabolic end.. Is completed in the mesophyll cells, CO 2, reducing it to sugar.Oxidized water! Produced, and ATP thylakoid membrane b ) declines in historic sea level as photosynthetic organisms consumed.... Organisms are omnivores in this food web, carbohydrates such as starch,,! Regulated to take place when an organism absorbs visible light an oxidation-reduction process or dark, as explained in and... Various internal membranes that contain pigment molecules and proteins called a … which of the above takes!