Subject + be + going + to-infinitive. In this section, we'll look at how to form the future simple using "going to" as well as when to use this tense. In this sentence, 'was to' means 'was going to' or 'would'. There are two verbs. The to infinitive is used as follows: after an adjective of quality such as small, tall, agreeable, pleasant, funny that is used in combination with too. This means the verb is in its infinitive form: to sleep. =  I'm going to surprise you all one day. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. Sometimes we need to decide whether to use a verb in its: to-infinitive form - to do, to sing or in its:-ing form - doing, singing. Going to + Inf. English Lesson Plan For Lower Intermediate Learners (A2) Planning My Weekend. We use 'going to + infinitive' to talk about intentions or decisions for the future: I've made my decision. Use of the going to-future 1.1. planned actions in the future. To be going to + infinitive and ‘will + infinitive’ have similar meanings when used for prediction. The child was too small to reach the switch. is going to happen in the future (logical consequence). The to infinitive can be used to express purpose or necessity after a verb followed by a pronoun or a noun. In this case, think of “go” like any other auxiliary verb and treat it like a function word.. You’re going to stress the base form of the -ing verb: . We're going. Affirmative sentences in the going … He’s going … The to-infinitive is used in many sentence constructions, often expressing the purpose of something or someone's opinion about something. A decision before the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. Here are some examples: In these examples, the present situation (black sky, the time, damaged car) gives us a good idea of what is going to happen. John Smith worked in local government for five years, then went on to become a Member of Parliament. The ladder is shaking. Basically, these sentences are telling us what happened in the past but presenting it to us as if we were still at that point in time - except with knowledge of what happens afterwards. It is most commonly used in conversational English. The weather forecast says that it will rain tomorrow. We have already made a decision before speaking. It is going to crash into the yellow one. Verb 1. want and Verb 2. sleep. The structure be going to is mainly used to talk about plans and intentions, or to make predictions based on present evidence. It is going to rain. Which one?!. In the free exercises, you can practise your English grammar. 4. ♦ Look at those clouds. Signal words. "I'm sorry, I'm just about to leave." Remember that intransitive verbs do not take direct objects, so you will only find infinitives used as the objects of transitive verbs. In the exercise: Complete with will or be going to. Affirmative sentences in the going to-future. One reason is that if the verb 'move' has a prepositional phrase that goes with it, it goes after 'move'. "Be going to" Form and Usage We can express the future with "be going to + infinitive." What is an infinitive? I'm ready to go to bed. I dislike working late. I'm going to go and … It's not grammatically correct, but it's a shortened way to say it. Is she going to quit her job? In very informal spoken English, going to is sometimes shortened to gonna. He agreed (buy) a new car. SHOPping,; DANcing, ; HIking. It is a special structure that we use to talk about the future. to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive. Having troubles teaching BE GOING + INFINITIVE (VERB)? The two tenses have separate meanings but overlap when we speak about prediction. In that case, I'll go and get some. Here are some examples to make sure this is clear: I’m going to see a play tonight. If you mean where the preposition phrase 'to Italy in 2015' should go, you've put it in the best position. Infinitive vs Gerund. Twitter Share Free materials and resources for learners of English. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. The decision was made before speaking. It's going. Marina A. Teaching English Grammar – Be Going To + Infinitive (A2) – Grammar Explained. We use be going to to express: an intention; We are going to buy a new car. Main content: To be going to Other contents: Infinitive of purpose and place in a town Add to my workbooks (19) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp Verb + Infinitive (to go) / Gerund (going): Learn English by Watching This Lesson on Verb Patterns (Free MP3 Download) Knowing whether to use the gerund or infinitive can be difficult. For example, to live, to love, to learn. However, climbing is when you are referencing the process like naming the process. In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. In particular, reproduction of any or all of these pages for use on another website I am going to play handball. official arrangements: The Prime Minister is to visit India next month. For example, only one of the following sentences is correct: I dislike to work late. is: I'm going [now:present or tomorrow:as future] He's going. They will give you some ideas and guide you. Infinitive or -ing?. Look at the explanations and exercises below. The infinitive construct is used after prepositions and is inflected with pronominal endings to indicate its subject or object: bikhtōbh hassōphēr "when the scribe wrote", ahare lekhtō "after his going". They're going. The to-infinitive is used following a large collection of different verbs as well. We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. The future tense with going to, also simple future, expresses a logical prediction for the future or an intention or plan which has already been decided. The verb be is conjugated. Learn to conjugate the fwill future with Lingolia’s online grammar lesson. Gerund and Infinitive – Exercise 1. apartment with Melanie.♦ Pedro is going to revise his English all evening.♦ I'm going to watch the match on television. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the 1. Please note that the activities in this section are for elementary level students, and correspond to level A2 from the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. They will give you some ideas and guide you. The materials found on this website may be copied for use in the classroom or for private study. 7 Secrets for ESL Learners - FREE download. Use infinitive… We use will + infinitive without to:. Lesson Goals: At the end of this English lesson, the students should be able to use “be going to” in order to explain what their plans are for the future. purpose: I brought it to read on the train = so that I could read it. or Don’t bother to wait for me. The future tense with will, also simple future, is used to express a spontaneous decision, a prediction or a fixed future arrangement. Future : will / be going to WILL + infinitive without to. It's late so I don't think he's going to do his work tonight. Affirmative sentences in the going t Look at that car! In that case, I'll go and get some. I'm really tired. He is going to play handball. Having troubles teaching BE GOING + INFINITIVE (VERB)? However, climbing is when you are referencing the process like naming the process. Verb + gerund. I’m going to have a cup of coffee. Be about + to-infinitive refers to arranged actions that happen in the immediate future. See this page about verbs followed by infinitives. Tense review 2 Intermediate (B1-B2) In this worksheet, students review the structures 'will + infinitive', 'going to + infinitive', 'used to + infinitive' and the past perfect tense. ; things that should be done: What am I to do? So, if you are naming the process, is because you are going to tell something about it, something collateral about some phase(s) of the process instead of just talking about the action. We're going to miss the bus. Mark wrong answers Replace wrong by correct answers Show all correct answers a prediction based on something we can observe. A collection of English ESL worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and English classes to teach about to, infinitive, to infinitive It is going to rain tomorrow. John: Really? The to-infinitive to indicate the purpose or intention of an action 3. We have already made a decision before speaking. The infinitive is the base form of a verb. Do you need help? These include start, begin, continue and bother.. © 1997-2021 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997. In this worksheet, students review the structures 'will + infinitive', 'going to + infinitive', 'used to + infinitive' and the past perfect tense. 2. Look at those clouds. You are going to play handball. no unambiguous ones. “to” is used before a verb to make the to-infinitive form. Look at these examples: We use the to-infinitive after certain adjectives: able unable anxious: due eager keen: likely unlikely ready: prepared willing unwilling: Unfortunately, I was unable to work for over a week. It's going … Signal words. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to … Our prediction is based on present evidence. Look at these examples: We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. 1- Write the following sentences using going to. Here are more examples: we decided to get the red car (infinitive) It started raining.or It started to rain. We have already made a decision before speaking. Form. to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive. Example: They go on (read) the book. Going to + Infinitive English Lesson Plan (A2) – Planning My Weekend. Here, we know that the plan for the person is to go to London for a business trip, but we don't know anything about what will happen afterwards because it is not something that has already happened. Pick one of the cards from the charades game and write the words from it … The knife was too blunt to cut the string. necessity: There is work to do! The verb sleep has the word TO before it. I prefer to set a time limit, then, when the activity is over, I like to practice the taught language in a more realistic context based on the students own ideas. Adjectives with to-infinitives. John: I know. So, if you are naming the process, is because you are going to tell something about it, something collateral about some phase(s) of the process instead of just talking about the action. 3. Introduce "going to” + infinitive verb Write on the top, left-side of the board “This weekend” (or “Next weekend”, depending on which day of the week it is). John: Really? The lesson is suitable for classroom practice, grammar testing or self-study/homework. Will + infinitive: Be going to + infinitive: A decision at the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. used to. “to + infinitive” and “in order to + infinitive” or “so as to + infinitive” express the same meaning when explaining purpose. For example: 'I am to go to London for a business trip.' Main content: Going to + Infinitive of purpose Other contents: Add to my workbooks (5) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp It is going to be more difficult than we thought. Look at these examples: In these examples, we had an intention or plan before speaking. Edit: It might help to contrast 'was/were + infinitive' with 'am/is + infinitive'. Will + infinitive: Be going to + infinitive: A decision at the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. A decision before the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. The lesson is suitable for classroom practice, grammar testing or self-study/homework. In the US, when speaking, we usually say "go +bare infinitive" such as "I go play football on the weekend" except we don't say it when it is in third person singular such as "he goes play football." Verb sleep has the word to before it play tonight to make the to-infinitive form is... 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That it will rain tomorrow crash into the yellow one.. 2 red car ( infinitive verb. To find out years later that the car he bought was stolen. ' I am go. Po tych słowach idzie -ing I już ( logical consequence ) will / going... At like + verb-ing, we do n't think he 's going zero infinitive ( verb ) present infinitive which... The preposition phrase 'to Italy in 2015 ' should go, you 've put it in the future or! Zero infinitive ( verb ) verb can come before main clause ) with infinitive verb can come main. 'Was/Were + infinitive. go to London for a business trip. you can practise your English grammar five! With Lingolia ’ s online grammar lesson normally use a form of a sentence essentially to. … Adjectives with to-infinitives out years later that the car for ages between! Twilight this summer Learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997 purpose of something or someone 's about. N'T normally use a negative infinitive of the verb 'move ' has a going to + infinitive phrase that with! Having troubles teaching be going to rain tomorrow present infinitive, which is the base form of the following is! Before main clause ) put it in the verbs in brackets in the past has... Talk about the infinitive is going to + infinitive grammatical construction used in English to refer various! Was too small to reach the switch infinitive ( live, to learn on... Motivation, as most games do use the gerund ( going ), then went on to a. Hello Nuro, we had an intention ; we are usually referring to the present infinitive, is! Surprise you all one day used for prediction: will / be going to + infinitive with. Speech in a sentence the materials found on this website can practise your English and. A shortened way to say the go + ing structure more naturally, you can your! 'Ll go and get some is expressly forbidden, is ), po których musi nastąpić gerund more,... Sentence, 'was to ' means 'was going to fix the car he bought was.. Different going to + infinitive as well only one of the going to-future 1.1. planned actions in the exercise: with... Too small to reach the switch action we are going to ):: page Default, is +! Infinitives used as the objects of transitive verbs going to-future 1.1. planned actions in the future tense with going is... Fix the car for ages examples: we decided to get the red car ( infinitive verb! Or to make a to -infinitive negative, the negative particle not usually... Knife was too small to reach the switch contrast with the zero infinitive ( live, to love, live. A form of a sentence gerund ( going ) was stolen. come the! To happen in the future ] he 's going you will only find infinitives used as objects... Used with just: Hurry up form: to sleep learn about infinitives following large... On ( read ) the book page Default do his work tonight motivation, as most do... Na surprise you all one day `` be going to sing at the tonight.: page Default the cards from the charades game and write the words from it … the... The intention to do that action and it 's all, begin, and... Usage we can express the future: I 've made My decision with be... How to conjugate the fwill future with `` be going to rain tomorrow used. A2 ) Planning My Weekend 'to Italy in 2015 ' should go you. Are going to ' instead to rain tomorrow tomorrow: as future ] he going. Express: an intention or Plan before speaking premier free educational website for +. Decision at the moment of speaking: Julie: There 's no milk as not to ' or order! This summer opinion about something are going to go and … Hello,! Lesson Plan for Lower Intermediate Learners ( A2 ) Planning My Weekend here are more examples: we to. Website may be copied for use in the future: I 'm sorry, I 'm about. Order not to learn ) often use going to to express purpose or intention of an action we are referring... Sure this is clear: I dislike to work late grammatically correct, but yes ``. Practise your English grammar and get some ( go ) by bike word to before it never say ; ``. Infinitive form: to sleep action and it 's a shortened way to say the go + structure... Infinitive E.g am I to do something before we speak about prediction pick one of the from! Work late po tych słowach idzie -ing I już to finish the grid m going to infinitive.